Development Of A Microcontroller-Based Traffic Light System For Road Intersection Control
Ganiyu R. A., Arulogun O. T., Okediran O. O.
Index Terms: Road intersection, control system, crystal oscillator, light emitting diode, microcontroller, power section, traffic light.
Abstract: The control of traffic at road junction, which was done purely by human effort, proves to be inefficient owing to the increasing rate of both motorists as well as the complexity of road networks. This inadequacy brought about the use of discrete solid-state electronics up to the usage of a computer controlled microprocessor, but the intelligence of this method was still limited to meet the demand of modern age. Thus, the need for the development of a microcontroller-based traffic light control system. This paper explores the design and implementation of a microcontroller-based traffic light system for road intersection control. The traffic light system is designed using Programmable Integrated Circuit (PIC) 16F84A microcontroller, power section, crystal oscillator and light emitting diode (LED). Then, for effective traffic control, the PIC is implemented via an IC programmer using a mikrobasic program written in Basic language. The developed traffic light control system is tested by constructing a prototype that resembles the real application. The functionality of the prototype shows that the developed system can be used for a real life traffic control at road intersection. Besides, the developed system can be employed as a training kit in learning traffic light control system design and operation. Also, it can be used as a teaching aid in schools for various road users.
. N. M. Z. Hashim,, A. S. Jaafar, N. A. Ali., L. Salahuddin, N. R. Mohamad and M. A. Ibrahim, “Traffic Light Control System for Emergency Vehicles Using Radio Frequency”, IOSR Journal of Engineering, Vol. 3, No. 7, pp. 43-52, 2013.
. R. Al-Alawi, “Web-Based Intelligent Traffic Management System”, Proceedings of the World Congress on Engineering and Computer Science (WCECS), Vol.1, 2009, San Francisco, USA.
. A. Albagul, M. Hrairi, Wahyudi and M. F. Hidayathullah, “Design and Development of Sensor Based Traffic Light System”, American Journal of Applied Sciences, Vol. 3, No. 3, pp. 1745-1749, 2006.
. N. V. Ifechi, “Design and Implementation of a Microcontroller-based versatile y- and Cross-junction traffic light control System/trainer”, An M.Eng Thesis in Electronics and Computer Engineering, 2010, Nnamdi Azikiwe Univesity, Awka, Nigeria.
. V. Viswanathan and V. Santhanam, “Intelligent Traffic Signal Control Using Wireless Sensor Networks”, Proceding of 2nd International Conference on Advances in Electrical and Electronics Engineering, pp.165-169, 2013.
. S. Rajeswari, “Design of Sophisticated Traffic Light Control System”, Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research, Vol. 12, No 19, pp. 1647-1652, 2014.
. M. K. Ramteke, M. J. Nikalaje and D. B. Rane, “FPGA Implementation of Intelligent Traffic Signal Controller based on Neuro Fuzzy System”, International Journal of Engineering and Computer Science, Vol. 3, No. 3, pp. 5013-5016, March 2014.
. D. Rotake and S. Karmore, “Intelligent Traffic Signal Control System Using Embedded System”, Journal of Innovative Systems Design and Engineering IISTE, Vol. 3, No 5, pp11-20, 2012.
. A. R. Zade and D. R. Dandekar, “FPGA Implementation of Intelligent Traffic Signal Controller Based On Neuro-Fuzzy System”, International Conference on Advanced Computing, Communication and Networks, pp. 1310-1314, 2011.
. R. A. Ganiyu, S. O. Olabiyisi, E. O. Omidiora, O. O. Okediran and O. O. Alo, “Modelling and Validation of a Multi-Phase Traffic Light Controlled Cross-type Intersection Using Timed Coloured Petri Nets”, American Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research , Vol. 2, No. 5, pp. 807- 819, 2011.
. R. A. Ganiyu, S. O. Olabiyisi, E. O. Omidiora, O. O. Okediran and O. O. Alo, “P-invariant Analysis of Timed Coloured Petri Net Models of Two Isolated Multi-Phase Traffic Light Controlled Intersections”, International Journal of Applied Science and Technology, Vol. 1, No. 4, pp. 29-41, 2011.