Awareness On Microgrids And Various Protection Issues To Overcome In It
Rachna Verma, Mohammad Ayaan Siddiqui
Keywords: Microgrid, Islanding, Distributed energy resources (DER), Point of common coupling (PCC).
ABSTRACT: As we know India faces problem of Power blackout every year due to the overloading on the main electrical grid. To avoid the above problem, Microgrids are the best solution. Basically, Microgrids are the small version of electrical grid. They are independent power system. Microgrids can be connected with renewable energy sources such as solar and wind. The use of renewable energy introduces the need of various storing devices and supplies it whenever required. Microgrids can provide wide range of applications in buildings, military camps and corporate/academic campuses, etc. They can have efficient and effective provision of electricity to “off-grid” areas as well as “keep the lights on” in times of crisis for critical applications like hospital. Though, Microgrids being so advantageous it has several technical challenging issues to overcome i.e. voltage and frequency control, islanding and its protection in Microgrids. This paper discusses the overview of Microgrids and issue to overcome in it-its Protection.
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