IJSTR

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

IJSTR@Facebook IJSTR@Twitter IJSTR@Linkedin
Home About Us Scope Editorial Board Blog/Latest News Contact Us
CALL FOR PAPERS
AUTHORS
DOWNLOADS
CONTACT
QR CODE
IJSTR-QR Code

IJSTR >> Volume 4 - Issue 5, May 2015 Edition



International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616



Bacteriological And Nutritional Analysis Of Groundnut Cake Sold In An Open Market In Samaru, Zaria-Kaduna State

[Full Text]

 

AUTHOR(S)

Oko, J.O., Abriba, C., Audu, J.A., Kutman, N.A., Okeh, Q.,

 

KEYWORDS

Keywords: Bacteriology, Groundnut cake, ‘Kuli kuli’ Microbial load, Nutrition,’Oko’, Proximate analysis

 

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Bacteriological and nutritional analysis of groundnut cake powder sold in open market at Samaru-Zaria was studied. The samples collected from four zones of the study area were analysed for possible microbiological contamination and its nutritional quality. The results indicated a microbial load of 1.93 x 105 cfu/g and 1.94 x 105 cfu/g for zones A and B respectively, 1.01 x 105 cfu/g for zone C and 2.37 x 105 cfu/g for zone D. The bacterial isolates found to be associated with the groundnut cake powder in this study included Klebsiella oxytoca, Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus cereus, E. coli, P. aeruginosa and Streptococcus feacalis. The nutrients content of the sample included carbohydrates 55.15%, moisture 12.65%, lipid 15.40%, protein 12.60%, ash 3.95% and crude fibre 0.25%. Groundnut cake sold in the study area is highly contaminated with bacteria except for samples from zone C which is within the Food and Drugs Agency (FDA) recommendation of 1.0 x 105cfu/ml as allowable microbial contamination for food. The high level of microbial contamination is a serious cause for concern as it may trigger epidemics. However, the product is highly nutritious.

 

REFERENCES

[1] Abalaka, J.A. and Elegbede, J.A. “Aflatoxin Distribution and Total Microbial Content in an Edible Extracting Plant”, J.fd Toxic 20:43-46, 1981.

[2] Akano, D.A., and Atanda, O. “Present Level of Aflatoxin in Nigerian groundnut Cake (‘Kulikuli’)”, Letters in Applied Microbiology, 10(4):187-189, 1990.

[3] Aneya, K.R., Experiments in Microbiology, Plants Pathology and Biotechnology, New Age Publishers, ISBIN 81-224-1494-X, P.69, 2005.

[4] Arlington, V.A., Bacteriological Analytical Manual, 6th Edn. Association of Analytical Chemists for FDA, Washington, D.C. pp. 17-21, 1992.

[5] Association of Official Analysis of Chemist (AOAC), “Standard Official Methods of Analysis of the Association of Official Analysis of Chemist”, SW (Bd), Washinton D.C., 1984.

[6] Barrow, G.I. and Feltham, R.K.A., Cowan and Steel’s Manual for the Identification of Medical Bacteria (2nd Edn). Cambridge University Press, United Kingdom, p1330, 2003.

[7] Betcha, B.J.O. and Akoma, O., “Microbial Studies on Nigerian Groundnut Product, Kwoka Supplement with Soyabean”, J. Food Safety 17:249-259, 1988.

[8] Cheesbrough, M., District Laboratory Practice in Tropical Countries (2nd edn) pp.63-75, 2000.

[9] Collins, C.H and Lyne, P.M., (1987). Microbiological methods, 5th edition Butterworth and Co. Publ. Ltd London pp.31-345, 1987.

[10] Dessai, B.B., Kotecha, P.M., Salunke, D.K., “Groundnut Protein” In Basic and Applied Aspects of Seed Biology. Ed. By R.H. Ellis, M. Black, A.J.Murdoch and T.D. Hong. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Netherlands. Pp.540-582, 1996.

[11] Elegbede, J.A., Legumes: In Nutritional Quality of Plant Food. A.U. Osagie and O.V. Eka, Editors. Post-Harvest Research Unit, Biochem. Dept. University of Benin, pp.53-83, 1998.

[12] Frazier, W.C. and Westhoff, D.C., Food Microbiology 3rd edition. Tata Mcgraw Hill Pub. Co. Ltd New Delhi, Indian, pp.17-34, 1978.

[13] Holt, J.G., Koieg, N.R., Sneath, P.H.A., Starley, J.T., Williams, S.T., Bergey’s Manual of Determinative Bacteriology (9th Edn). Wiliams and Wilkins, Boltimore, p.767, 1994.

[14] Irvine, F.R., West African crops (3rd edn) Oxford University press, pp.193-196, 1970.

[15] Jacquelyn B., Microbiology Principles and Exploration, 8th edition. John Wiley and sons, ISBN 978-0-470-54109-8, p.68, 2012.

[16] Oko, J.O., Abriba, C. and Itah, A.Y., Epidemiologic Study of the Prevalence of Diarrhoeic Agents amongst Hospitalized Children in Some Hospitals in Calabar, Nigeria. J. Microbiol. Biotech. Res., 4(3):25-31, 2014.

[17] Onyeike, E.N. and Osujji, J.O., Research Techniques in Biological and Chemical Science, Springe field publishers Ltd. Owerri, Imo states, 2003.

[18] Salunkhe, D.K., Kadam, S.S. and Chevan J.K., Post-Harvest Biotechnology of Food Legumes CRS Press Inc., p.160, 1985.