Sustainable Organic Farming For Environmental Health: A Social Development Model
Ijun Rijwan Susanto
ABSTRACT: In this study, the researcher attempted : 1) to understand the basic features of organic farming in The Paguyuban Pasundan’s Cianjur ; 2) to describe and understand how the stakeholders were are able to internalize the challenges of organic farming on their “lived experiences” in the community; 3) to describe and understand how the stakeholders were are able to internalize and applied the values of benefits of organic farming in support of environmental health on their lived experiences in the community; 4) The purpose was to describe and understand how the stakeholders who are able to articulate their ideas regarding the model of sustainable organic farming: 5) The Policy Recommendation for Organic Farming. The researcher employed triangulation thorough finding that provides breadth and depth to an investigation, offering researchers a more accurate picture of the phenomenon. In the implementation of triangulation, researchers conducted several interviews to get saturation. After completion of the interview results are written, compiled and shown to the participants to check every statement by every participant. In addition, researchers also checked the relevant documents and direct observation in the field The participants of this study were the stakeholders, namely : 1) The leader of Paguyuban Pasundan’s Organic Farmer Cianjur (PPOFC), 2) Members of Paguyuban Pasundan’s Organic FarmersCianjur, 3) Leader of NGO, 4) Government officials of agriculture, 5) Business of organic food, 6) and Consumer of organic food. Generally, the findings of the study revealed the following : 1) PPOFC began to see the reality as the impact of modern agriculture showed in fertility problems due to contaminated soil by residues of agricultural chemicals such as chemical fertilizers and chemical pesticides. So he wants to restore the soil fertility through environmentally friendly of farming practices; 2) the challenges of organic farming on their “lived experiences” in the community : farmers did not consider the loss that may be experienced by others as the principles for profit has become very prominent. As a result, the development of organic agriculture simply stuck into a commercial activity which would be a criticism of the founders, One of the factors that led to the involvement of the government regulated organic farming is because of the bickering about what is called organic agricultural products and because many nonorganic products sold as organic products, Organic farmers have difficulty in finding locally based seed for organic farming, certification of organic farming has changed, it is not just the assurance processes into a tradable commodity; 3) The Benefits of Organic Farming in Support for Environmental Health, organic farming gives a positive impact on public health, because it does not cause environmental pollution (water, air, soil) by the residues of chemical fertilizers and synthetic chemical pesticides. Besides organic farming also healthy communities through the provision of agricultural products that are free of pesticides and chemical fertilizer residues; 4) The Social Development Model of Sustainable Organic Farming : Sustainable agriculture (organic farming) seeks acre balance of three long-term goals, namely : a) Social-cultural: to create quality of life (to satisfy personal and community needs for health, food safety, and happines), b) Environment: to Enhance utilization of soil, water, air, and other resourches limited, c) Economics: to be profitable, market forces. These objectives can be achieved if supported by organizational-oriented good governance principles of sustainable agriculture. Sustainable agriculture is the implementation of the principles of sustainable development. Sustainable development will be achieved if conducted prior social development within the broad scope of stakeholders; 5) The Policy Recomendation for Organic Farming : a) National Strategic Agenda : The Program "Go Organic" must be forwarded with the 2010 program "Go Organic 2020" where the formulation of the vision, mission, and activities that will be undertaken are arranged with a broader circle of involved, including organic farmers, organic entrepreneurs, non-governmental organizations, as well as colleges; b) Regional (ASEAN integration 2015) and International Agenda, at the regional (ASEAN) and the international level, in addition to doing the lobbying, marketing also need to do the work of advocacy. Purpose is to make the existing policy, it could benefit small farmers, not otherwise become barriers to global trade as well as new bilateral.
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