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IJSTR >> Volume 7 - Issue 5, May 2018 Edition



International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616



Concrete-Pictorial-Abstract Approach On Students’ Attitude And Performance In Mathematics

[Full Text]

 

AUTHOR(S)

Nino Richard R. Salingay, Denis A. Tan

 

KEYWORDS

Attitude, Concrete-Pictorial-Abstract (CPA) approach, Performance in Mathematics

 

ABSTRACT

This study inspected the effectiveness of CPA approach to Grade 8 students of Bukidnon National High School in terms of students’ attitude and performance. Specifically it aimed to a.) describe the attitude of the students when exposed to CPA approach and to those exposed to non-CPA approach before and after the intervention in terms of: attitudes toward success in math, Math anxiety, motivation, usefulness of Math and confidence in learning math, b.) compare the level of performance in Mathematics of the students once exposed to CPA approach and those exposed to non-CPA approach in terms of: pre-test scores, post-test scores and retention test scores, c.) differentiate the students’ attitude as exposed to CPA approach and those exposed to non-CPA approach, and d.) ascertain the significant difference between the performance of the students exposed to CPA approach and those exposed to non-CPA approach in terms of: post-test scores and retention test scores. A quasi-experimental research design was used in this study; it uses two sections of Bukidnon National High School. One is the experimental group and the other was the controlled group. These two (2) group undergone pre-test, post-test and retention test. The materials used to determine the achievement of the students is a teacher-made test. The material used for the attitude is Fennema-Sherman Mathematics Attitude Test. Descriptive statistics and ANCOVA were used for the analysis of the study. It was found out that the attitude of the students during the pre-test and post-test are positive. The level of performance of the two groups in the pre-test is below average level. During the post-test and retention test, the performance of students in non- CPA group is on average level and students in CPA group are on above average level. It was also found out that students have positive attitude towards success and usefulness of Math and undecided on their anxiety level, motivation level and on their confidence in learning Math during the pre-test. During the post-test, all components remain the same instead to the confidence in learning Math of CPA group of student wherein form neutral during the pre-test, it becomes positive during the post-test. The study also found out that the attitude of the students are comparable or has no significant difference. However, the performance in the post-test and retention test of CPA group of students is significantly higher than the performance of non-CPA group of students. This study would benefit the future researchers, mathematics educators, students and administrators and this will give them an idea about CPA approach.

 

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