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IJSTR >> Volume 7 - Issue 6, June 2018 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Effect Of Various Types And Size Of Container On Growth And Root Morphology Of Rubber (Hevea Brasiliensis Mull. Arg.)

[Full Text]



Monsuru A. Salisu, Zulkefly Sulaiman, Mohd Yusoff Abd Samad, Olalekan Kazeem Kolapo



container size; immature rubber; Hevea brasiliensis; root morphology



Evaluation of the effect of container types and size currently used by nursery rubber growers is important to reduce the problem of dieback and causalities during transplanting of seedlings. Assessment of the planting material is essential for replanting exercise to meet its objective of early growth and optimum yield in the later stage of the plants. The study was conducted to evaluate the impact of various container sizes on the growth of rubber seedlings. Containers of different volumes 600 ml 710 ml, and 900ml and polybag 15 × 20 cm as control evaluation was used. All the containers except polybag greatly support plant stem diameter. Only the biggest container 900 ml maintained higher leaf area index (LAI). Plant biomass like total fresh and dry weight and the root-shoot ratio (RSR) were significantly different in the same container. Plants grown in this container recorded higher nitrogen content which could be considered suitable for rubber seedlings. Root length of the plants was greatly influenced by the container (900 ml) and significantly higher than those in other containers. Root average diameter was positively affected except for the plants grown in the poly-bag. This suggests that the polybag and the remaining container sizes inhibited the roots and this could have contributed to the poor growth and some of the morphological traits. Consequently, a large container size, 900 ml had resulted in a better and vigorous growth of the seedlings and it could be ideal pot size for use in raising rubber seedlings of H. brasiliensis.



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