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IJSTR >> Volume 10 - Issue 5, May 2021 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

The ANN Design Based On PMU Readings For Fault Location Detection

[Full Text]



AzriyenniAzhariZakri, M RoisKhumaini, Herman Syaibi, Wenny DwiTristiyanti



ANN, fault diagnosis, PMU, WAP.



A fault diagnosis of an electric power transmission systems is sensitive to power outages and this has led to the introduction of several recycling techniques to find faults in transmission lines. The system-based measurement known as the Phasor Measurement Unit (PMU) is designed to monitor large systems over a large area as well as to regulate related applications. Therefore, this research was conducted to improve the PMU and Wide Area Protection (WAP) IEEE 9-bus and 14-bus systems. PMU is used to convert voltage and current waves into phasors, magnitude, and angles of energy and current to protect the fault site from a three-phase short circuit. All lines of the IEEE 9-bus and 14-bus systems are simulated with distance variations of 10%, 30%, 50%, 70%, and 90% and the results serve as a contribution to infer fault points in the system. In addition, an analysis of the PMU and Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) for inaccuracy, RMSE, MAE, and MSE values was also analyzed from three-phase faults on each networks of IEEE 9-bus & 14-bus tests, respectively. The simulation is validated through variations in the ANN data input consisting of current and voltage.



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