International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Home About Us Scope Editorial Board Blog/Latest News Contact Us
10th percentile
Powered by  Scopus
Scopus coverage:
Nov 2018 to May 2020


IJSTR >> Volume 10 - Issue 5, May 2021 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Perception Of Safety Of Workers In Various Occupations At The Construction Site

[Full Text]



Muhammad Dawood Idrees, Arsalan Ansari, Abdul Sami



Safety, Accidents, Safety awareness, Workers perception of safety, Occupation of workers



There are several dangerous industries and construction industry is considered as one of the most dangerous industry among all industries, because worker safety is always a big issue at working sites. There are several reasons of accidents at construction sites, but psychological factors are one of the factors that affect workers' perception of safety. The concept of safety varies by region and depends on the demographics of the worker, such as gender, age, education, and job level. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the impact of psychological factors on workers' at various job levels. A comprehensive literature review was conducted to find the symptomatic relationship between psychological factors and safety perceptions, and a hypothetical structural model was developed according to the literature review. Research questionnaire was developed to obtain data from construction sites. Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) techniques have been adopted to study the influence of psychological factors on workers' perceptions of safety of workers at different levels of work. The results of this analysis shows that organizational relationship and job security are more influencing factors in labor, therefore workload, mental stress, and job satisfaction are more influential factors in managerial staff.



1) Idrees, M.D., M. Hafeez, and J.-Y. Kim, Workers’ age and the impact of psychological factors on the perception of safety at construction sites. Sustainability, 2017. 9(5): p. 745.
2) Fleming, M. and R. Lardner, Strategies to promote safe behaviour as part of a health and safety management system. 2002: HSE Books.
3) Bunting, J., et al., A national safety stand-down to reduce construction worker falls. Journal of safety research, 2017. 60: p. 103-111.
4) Demirkesen, S. and D. Arditi, Construction safety personnel's perceptions of safety training practices. International Journal of Project Management, 2015. 33(5): p. 1160-1169.
5) Sawacha, E., S. Naoum, and D. Fong, Factors affecting safety performance on construction sites. International journal of project management, 1999. 17(5): p. 309-315.
6) Koehn, E.E., R.K. Kothari, and C.-S. Pan, Safety in developing countries: professional and bureaucratic problems. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 1995. 121(3): p. 261-265.
7) Hinze, J., Construction safety. 1997: Prentice Hall.
8) Masia, U. and J. Pienaar, Unravelling safety compliance in the mining industry: examining the role of work stress, job insecurity, satisfaction and commitment as antecedents. SA Journal of Industrial Psychology, 2011. 37(1): p. 01-10.
9) Ahsan, N., et al., A study of job stress on job satisfaction among university staff in Malaysia: Empirical study. European journal of social sciences, 2009. 8(1): p. 121-131.
10) Artz, B. and I. Kaya, The impact of job security on job satisfaction in economic contractions versus expansions. Applied Economics, 2014. 46(24): p. 2873-2890.
11) Hellgren, J., M. Sverke, and K. Isaksson, A two-dimensional approach to job insecurity: Consequences for employee attitudes and well-being. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 1999. 8(2): p. 179-195.
12) Pallant, J., SPSS survival manual. 2013: McGraw-Hill Education (UK).