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IJSTR >> Volume 10 - Issue 5, May 2021 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

The Influence Of Maladaptive Cognitive Schemas Of Adolescents With Vision Impairments On Their Affective Sphere

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maladaptive core beliefs, depressive manifestations, anxious manifestations, emotional modality, affective sphere.



Cognitive schemas determine the nature of a person’s attitude to himself, to people around him and to the whole world. The emotional sphere of a person and his typical behavioural patterns are formed under the influence of core beliefs. Most cognitive schemas are formed in childhood and adolescence. Therefore, a fundamental study of this phenomenon is required. The aim of the study was a theoretical analysis and empirical research of maladaptive beliefs and cognitive schemas of adolescents with visual impairments. The methods of empirical research were the Dusseldorf Illustrated Schema Questionnaire for Children (Loose, Meyer &Pietrowsky), the Individual Typological Questionnaire (L. Sobchik), the Anxiety Scale (A. Beck) and the Depression Scale (A. Beck). The study sample included two groups of respondents: adolescents with visual impairments and their peers who do not have such impairments. This allowed us to compare the results and establish how the functional defect of the analyser determines the appearance of certain cognitive schemas. The obtained results indicate that knowing which cognitive schemas are typical for a teenager, allows us to predict with a high degree of probability that he has a tendency to increased sensitivity, emotional instability, anxiety or depressive manifestations. In addition, there are described recommendations for psychologists on working with the adolescent`s core beliefs.



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