IJSTR

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

IJSTR@Facebook IJSTR@Twitter IJSTR@Linkedin
Home About Us Scope Editorial Board Blog/Latest News Contact Us
CALL FOR PAPERS
AUTHORS
DOWNLOADS
CONTACT
QR CODE
IJSTR-QR Code

IJSTR >> Volume 3- Issue 6, June 2014 Edition



International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616



Production Of 5 Clones Of Cassava Is Applied Plant Regulator Growth, Microbial Fertilizer, NPK And Harvested At Different Age

[Full Text]

 

AUTHOR(S)

Hanapi, Kahar Mustari, Elkawakib Syam’un, Kaimuddin

 

KEYWORDS

Index Term: Cassava; plant regulator growth; microbial fertilizer;NPK, harvest age

 

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Cassava is an important crop plants as a source of carbohydrate, raw materials for industrial, cosmetic, feed and energy. The study aims to determine the 5 clones of cassava production is applied Hormax regulator growth + Organox microbial fertilizer + NPK and harvested at different age. The experiment was conducted in the form of three-factor factorial experiement based on rendomized complete block design. Study result shows that the interaction between the clone MLG 0311and Hormax 20 mL.L-1 water + Organox 40 mL.L-1 water + NPK 150 kg.ha-1 and the age of 9 month when the cassava crop is harvested produced the highest weight of tuber yield per tree (4.870 kg), the highest of total wet weight of sugar level (0.65 %), conversion of fresh peeled tuber with the highest ethanol (155.00 ml.kg-1). clone of ADIRA-4 with Hormax 20 mL.L-1 water + Organox 40 mL.L-1 + water + NPK 150 kg.ha-1 and harvest age of 9 month resulted in the highest harvest index (94.261 %). Klon MAL-6 with Hormax 20 mL.L-1 water + Organox 40 mL.L-1 water + NPK 150 kg.ha-1 and harvest age of 9 month produced the highest of dry weght yield starch content (70,24 %).

 

REFERENCES

[1]. Fredrika W. Jansen van Rijssen, E. Jane Morris,and Jacobus N. Eloff, 2013. Food Safety: Importance of Composition for Assessing Genetically Modified Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz). J. Agricultural Food Chemistry, 61, 8333−8339.

[2]. Zvinavashe, E., Elbersen, H.W., Slingerland, M., Kolijn, S. and Sanders, J. P. M. 2011. Cassava for food and energy: exploring potential benefits of processing of cassava into cassava flour and bioenergy at farmstead and community levels in rural Mozambique. Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining 5 (2): 151–164.1275. Journal of Dairy Science 86(11): 3405-3415.

[3]. Rukmana Rahmat. 1997. Ubi Kayu : Budidaya dan Pascapanen. Kanisius. Yogyakarta. (in Indonesia).

[4]. Oyeleke, S.B., Dauda, B.E.N., Oyewole, O.A., Okoliegbe, I.N. and Ojebode, T.; 2012. Production of Bioethanol From Cassava and Sweet Potato Peels. Advances in Environmental Biology, 6(1): 241-245.

[5]. Sayre, R., Beeching, J. R., Cahoon, E. B., Egesi, C., Fauquet, C., Fellman, J., Fregene, M., Gruissem, W., Mallowa, S., Manary, M., Maziya-Dixon, B., Mbanaso, A., Schachtman, D. P., Siritunga, D., Taylor, N., Vanderschuren, H. and Zhang, P., 2011. The BioCassava Plus Program: biofortification of cassava for Sub-Saharan Africa. Annual Review of Plant Biology, 62, pp. 251-272.

[6]. Utomo W.H., dan W. K. Sigit, 2012. Stabilitas Hasil Tanaman dan Populasi Mychorhiza Pada Pola Tanam Tumpangsari Berbasis Ubikayu Setelah 3 Tahun Diberi Biochar. Universitas Brawijaya, Malang (in Indonesia).

[7]. Goenadi dan Saraswati, 2001. Pengembangan Hasil Pertanian. Bioteknologi Perkebunan Bogor Bekerjasama dengan PTP Nusantara XIV. PT Bio Industri Nusantara Persero (in Indonesia).

[8]. Supadno W., 2011. Menggali Potensi Multifungsi Pupuk Organik, Pupuk Hayati, dan Hormon/Zat Perangsang Tumbuh. CV Bangkit Jaya Abadi, Jakarta (in Indonesia).

[9]. Abbot, J.A and F. R. Harker. 2001. Texture. The Horticulture and Food Research Institute of New Zealand Ltd. New Zealand.

[10]. Wills, R.B.H., Lee, T.H., Graham,D., McGlason, W.B., and Hall, E.G. 2005. Postharvest: An introduction to the Physiology and Handling of Fruit and Vegetables. 2nd Ed. AVI Publ..Co.

[11]. Heppy Rikana dan Risky Adam, 2009. Pembuatan Bioethanol Dari Singkong Secara Fermentasi Menggunakan Ragi Tape. Jurusan Teknik Kimia, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang (in Indonesia).