Elements To Be Taken Into Account For An Appropriate Assessment Of The Effective Dose To Public In Case Of Release Of Bulk Amount Of Contaminated Water Into The Sea
Rustem PACI Ida Muraj
Abstract: Distribution of radionuclide’s in the environment and the associated exposures to workers and the public. Environment assessment is one very important issues related to protection of environment from radionuclide’s. The amount to be released which may have typical concentrations of radionuclide’s of natural origin, or artificial origin may generate products or wastes that have higher concentrations of radionuclide’s or give rise to exposures that should not be excluded from regulatory control. Uranium (U) and thorium (Th) and their decay chain daughter radionuclide are the radionuclide of primary interest released from nuclear installations as well as several other radionuclide’s as Cs for different radioisotopes. For an appropriate assessment of dose to public and workers (occupational staff) it is necessary that following elements shall be taken into account for release of the bulk amount of contaminated water into the sea. These element will help the process of calculation the effective dose to populations. Activity concentrations, Total activity and types of radionuclide released Type of radionuclides , Types of radiations, Radio toxicity, Salt extracting, Swimming, Natural evaporations and raining etc.
. Albanian Legislations