Mycoflora Of Maize (Zea Maize) At Different Locations In Hail Area-Saudi Arabia
Elham S. Dawood, Modhi K. Elshamry
Keywards: Zea maize, Seed - borne fungi, internal mycoflora, external mycoflora.
Abstract: Zea maize is one of the main cereals produced in Hail area (Saudi Arabia). The risk of mycotoxin contamination is related to mycoflora associated with corn kernel. This paper reports on isolation and identification of external and internal mycoflora of maize harvested in Hail area in 2006 – 2008. A mycological survey was carried out on 200 samples from two agricultural companies . Comparison between frequency and relative density of the prevalent genera and species was carried out. Genus Fusarium was the most prevalent component of the internal seed - borne mycoflora in the two companies, Aspergillus spp. was the most prevalent genus as external seed –borne mycoflora. The predominant species of the different genera were Fusarium moniliforrme, Aspergillus flavus ,A. niger and Alternaria alternate.
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