IJSTR

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

IJSTR@Facebook IJSTR@Twitter IJSTR@Linkedin
Home About Us Scope Editorial Board Blog/Latest News Contact Us
CALL FOR PAPERS
AUTHORS
DOWNLOADS
CONTACT
QR CODE
IJSTR-QR Code

IJSTR >> Volume 4 - Issue 6, June 2015 Edition



International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616



Assessment Of The Physicochemical And Microbial Quality Of Water In Ke-Nya Stream At Babato-Kuma Community In The Kintampo North Municipal Assembly Of Brong Ahafo Region Of Ghana

[Full Text]

 

AUTHOR(S)

Frimpong, J. O., Amoako, E. E., Nkoom, M.

 

KEYWORDS

Keywords: Babato-Kuma; surface water; Water quality; Coliform bacteria, Membrane filtration

 

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: The study was carried out to evaluate the physicochemical and microbiological quality of the Ke-enya stream which is relied on by the inhabitants of Babato-kuma and its surrounding villages for their domestic and Agricultural activities. A total of twenty eight (28) water samples were collected at upstream, midstream and downstream from November 2012 to January 2013 for analysis. Most of the physicochemical parameters were within WHO guidelines recommended for potable water with the exception of Turbidity and Colour which exceeded the WHO standard of 5 (NTU) and 15 (Hz) respectively. Colour ranged from 100 to 130 (Hz) with a mean of 1179.45 (Hz), whiles Turbidity ranged from 9 to 36 NTU with a mean of 20.7810.5 NTU. However, Total Coliform (420-1188 CFU/100ml, 757261), Faecal Coliform (140-623 CFU/100ml, 305145) E.coli (46-391 CFU/100ml, 135102) and Total Heterotrophic bacteria (444-3129 CFU/ml, 1341778) were higher than WHO standards. Bacterial contamination could be traced to settlements along the stream, livestock production, poor or non-existence sewage system coupled with poor sanitary conditions among others. Alternative sources of water supplies in the form of hand-dug wells or boreholes if possible by the Municipal assembly, NGOs and other philanthropies to the inhabitants whose traditional sources of drinking water is directly from this stream will be beneficial in reducing the health implications associated with this pollution.

 

REFERENCES

[1] Smol, J.P. (2008), pollution of lakes and rivers paleoenvironmental world water development report, UNESCO, Paris.

[2] Rasier, k. A. and Thomson, W. R. (2OO6). Contested territory strategic Reveries and conflict Gleic, P.H; 1996; Water resources, In Encyclopaedia of climate and weather, ed by SH. Schneider Oxford University press, Ney York, Vol, 2pp817-823.

[3] Partha Pal (2014). Detection of coliforms in drinking water and its effect on human health - A Review. International Letters of Natural Sciences Vol 17 (2014) pp 122-131.

[4] Rompre, A., Servais, P. b., Baudarta, J., de-Roubin, M.R., Laurent, P. (2002). Detection and enumeration of coliforms in drinking water: current methods and emerging approaches. Journal of Microbiological Methods 49 (2002) 3154.

[5] World Health Organization (2004). Guidelines for Drinking-water Quality. Vol. 1: 3rd Ed. ISBN 92 4 154638 7. WHO, Geneva.

[6] World Health Organization (2006). Guidelines for drinking-water quality, first addendum to 3rd ed., vol. 1. Recommendations. WHO, Geneva.

[7] World Health Organization and UNICEF Meeting the MDG Drinking Water and Sanitation Target. A Mid-term Assessment of Progress. Geneva: World Health Organization, and New York: United Nations Children‟s Fund, 2004.

[8] MPCU (2011): Profile of Kintampo Municipality. Government of the Republic of Ghana, Ministry of Local Government and Rural Development, Kintampo Municipal Assembly.

[9] American Public Health Association (1998). Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater, 20th ed. Washington, DC: APHA.

[10] Mitchell M, Stapp W (2005). Red River Water Quality Monitoring Volunteer Manual. United Book Press International, Baltimore.

[11] Peavy Howards, S., Rowe, D.R., Tehobanoglous, G., (1985). Environmental Engineering Pub. McGraw-Hill Int. Edition. Civil Engineering Series.

[12] World Health Organization, (1993). Guidelines for drinking water quality. Volume l Recommendations 2nd edition, World Health Organization, Geneva.

[13] Morgan, P. (1990). Rural Water Supplies and Sanitation, Blair Research Laboratory, Macmillan Education Ltd. London.

[14] Mintz, E. D., Reiff, F. M. and Tauxe, R. V. (1995). Safe water treatment and storage in the home. A practical new strategy to prevent water-borne disease. JAMA 273: 948953.