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IJSTR >> Volume 5 - Issue 6, June 2016 Edition



International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616



Issues On Religious Coexistence Tolerance In Albania (1912-1945)

[Full Text]

 

AUTHOR(S)

Ahmed Kalaja

 

KEYWORDS

Tolerance, coexistence, clergy, nationality, nationalism, Albania, Albanian Orthodox and Muslim population, Communism, Religious freedom in Albania.

 

ABSTRACT

The religious tolerance is one of the rarest values of the tradition of the Albanian people. It is widely accepted that Albanian people are well known about these values, about an excellent coexistence among the believers of different religious communities that are in Albania, mainly Muslims and Christians. In this study we bring the essentials of this phenomenon, promotional roots of these values, while viewed from a previously untreated point of view, and in an attempt to answer the questions: Where does it stem from the religious coexistence in Albania? What are the main promoters of this phenomenon? What has been the attitude of the religious clergy in Albania? Have they been and are the imams and priests, the promotion of tolerance and religious coexistence in Albania? These are some of the questions answered in this modest study, focusing on how nice and with how much delicacy the lectures of the Clergy have addressed this issue to the faithful or to the world in general. Since they enjoyed undisputable reputation and influence in the majority of the population, in the most critical moments of national history, the leaders of Muslims believers, not only have promoted tolerance and religious coexistence, but they have considered the believers of other faiths as “brothers” preaching this conviction in front of their Muslim believers. These preaching’s were firstly begun by VehbiDibra, who was the first Chairman of the Muslims and all clerics without exception to this day. Also unforgettable are the sermons of priests like: Fr. GjergjFishta, Fr. ShtjefėnGjeēovi, or Metropolitan VisarionXhuvani to conclude with pearls of Orthodox priest, Fan S. Noli, who amazed the world with his three speeches in front of world leaders, the League of Nations, being representative of all Albanians, although Orthodox believers were only 20% of the population.

 

REFERENCES

Archive sources
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[2] A.Q.SH. Fund Qeverisė sė Pėrkohshme e Vlorės, Folder III, 5/2, p 632

Studies & Books
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[4] DIBRA, Haxhi Vehbi; What Koran orders; Albanian Muslim Community, Tirana 2014

[5] DUKA, Ferit; “The Historical background of religious tolerance in Albania”, International Symposium: “Perspectives of religious, cultural and social diversity, in Balkans seen from a Global Perspective”, 25-26 March 2011organised in Tirana; PRIZMI publications, Tirana 2012

[6] DURHAM ,Edith; Balkan’s Concerns; Tirana 1991.

[7] FEVZIU, Blendi; 100 years – An excursion in politics of Albanian state from 1912-2012; UET-PRESS, Tirana 2012

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[10] Group of authors; ENCYCLOPAEDIA – 100 Albanian Personalities from Islamic Culture during cent. XIX – XX; KMSH, Tirana 2012

[11] Group of authors ;Dictionary of Contemporary Albanian; first edition by Science Academy, Tirana 1984; second edition by Toena, Tirana 2002

[12] Group of authors ;The History of Albanian People III (Renaissance Period 1912-1939); Toena, Tirana 2007

[13] GRIPSHI, Genc; History of Peqin; Reklama, Tirana, 2014,

[14] KRAJA, Hafiz Ali; Religion - Is it necessary, Does it hampers national unity?; first edition in 1934; Albanian Muslim Comm , Tirana 2010

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[22] SHQARRI, Muharrem; The Patriot Sheh Hamid Kraja; OMBRA GVG, Tirana 2014, p. 85

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Newspapers and Magazines
[24] Kultura Islame; year 1944, “Tirana”, Tirana 1942

[25] Kultura Islame; year 1942, “Tirana”, Tirana 1944

[26] Pėrlindja e Shqipėniės; Vlora 1913

[27] Pėrlindja e Shqipėniės; Vlora 1914

[28] Udha e s’Vėrtetės; vitiparė, nr. 2, “Ora” Shkodra, October 1923

[29] Zani i Naltė; year 1923, “Mbrothwsia”, Tirana 1923

[30] Zani i Naltė; year 1927, “Ora”, Shkodra 1927

[31] Zani i Naltė; year 1928, “Ora”, Shkodra 1928

[32] Zani i Naltė; year 1932, “Ora”, Shkodra 1932

[33] Zani i Naltė; year 1935, “Ora”, Shkodra 1935

[34] Zani i Naltė; year 1936, “Ora”, Shkodra 1936

[35] Zani i Naltė; year 1938, “Ora”, Shkodra 1938