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IJSTR >> Volume 5 - Issue 6, June 2016 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Impact Of Maternal Socio-Economic Determinants On Early Childhood Stunting In Maldives: An Analysis Of Maldives Demographic Health Survey 2009

[Full Text]



Aminath Adeela, Dr. Kay Seur



under nutrition, stunting, malnutrition, breastfeeding, urban and rural, maternal, Maldives.



Under nutrition is a direct consequence of poverty with its’ characteristics of low socio-economic status, poor living conditions, poor maternal education, large family size, inadequate access to quality food, safe water and health services. Recently, there have been significant improvements in the overall health of the Maldivian population with an increase in life expectancy and a decline in maternal and infant mortality rates. However, infant under nutrition is still a concern. Field testing of WHO growth standards in 2006 in Maldives indicated that more than one third of children under five years were stunted and that children classified as tall hardly reach the WHO standard for mean height. Examining maternal characteristics that may contribute to under nutrition in Maldivian children will assist in designing/implementing population based public health interventions aimed at improving infant and childhood nutrition. This study is based on secondary analysis of data from the Maldives Demographic Health Survey (MDHS) 2009. The study results showed that height for age z-score was lowest from ages 6 to 29 months. Factors significantly associated with the rate of stunting included: size of child at birth, height of the mother, duration of breastfeeding, difficulties in obtaining money needed for medical help for mother, absence of a health service provider when obtaining medical help for mother, after adjusting for socio-economic factors.



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