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IJSTR >> Volume 6 - Issue 6, June 2017 Edition



International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616



The Emerging Trends On The Girl-Child Urban Domestic Service In Eldoret, Uasin-Gishu County, Kenya

[Full Text]

 

AUTHOR(S)

Sutter Paul Chebet, Joram Kareithi, Jamin R. M. Masinde

 

KEYWORDS

emerging trends; challenges; girl-child; domestic service

 

ABSTRACT

One in six children aged 5 to 14 years old which is about 16 percent of all children in this age group is involved in child labor in developing countries. In the least developed countries, 30 percent of all children are engaged in child labor. In Kenya, the Central Bureau of Statistics reports that 1.9 million children aged 5-17 years are working for pay or family gain. In recognition of the adverse effects of child labour and abuse, international and national efforts have been made to control it. Nevertheless child labour persists as several surveys conducted in Kenya indicate. This paper therefore sought to understand the emerging trends and challenges facing the girl child in urban domestic service in Eldoret town. The paper adopted exploratory research design for an in-depth and holistic understanding of the child labour dynamics. A sample of 253 girls working in the domestic service was used. Purposive as well as convenience sampling were utilized for selecting study participants. Data for the study was collected using un-structured questionnaire, in-depth interviews and observation techniques. A qualitative method was used to analyze data through thematic approach. The paper found that apart from friends, relatives and self being responsible for girl-child entry into domestic child labour, bureaus have been established as an emerging trend where employers get children to work for them. In addition, too much work, misunderstanding between employer and employees; very little pay; delayed payment; working for long hours; and verbal, physical and sexual violence were the major problems and hardships that girl-child workers go through while providing domestic services to their bosses. The study recommends the need for provision of economic opportunities to young girls; promotion of girl child education and sensitisation of parents and guardians on the risks of child labour in domestic service.

 

REFERENCES

[1] ILO, (2010). Accelerating action against Child Labour, Report to the International Labour Conference, 99th Session 2010. ISBN: 978-92-2-121873-9ORK

[2] UNICEF, (2012). The State of the World’s Children. UNICEF and Oxford University Press, New York.

[3] UNICEF, (1998). Situational Analysis of Children and Women in Kenya. Nairobi: Oxford University Press.

[4] Republic of Kenya (2001) Poverty Reduction Strategic Paper for the period 2001 – 2004 (Volumes 1 and 2) Ministry of Finance and Planning. Nairobi: Government Printer.

[5] ILO (2002). Conventions 138 and 182 on Elimination of Worst Forms of Child Labour. Geneva: ILO

[6] World Bank, (2010); Annual Report. www.worldbank.org/annualreport/2010