International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Home About Us Scope Editorial Board Blog/Latest News Contact Us
10th percentile
Powered by  Scopus
Scopus coverage:
Nov 2018 to May 2020


IJSTR >> Volume 8 - Issue 7, July 2019 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Analysis Of Sulphate Resistance Reactive Powder Concrete With W/C Variations

[Full Text]



Saloma, Hanafiah, Muhammad Prayogane



Reactive powder concrete, w/c, silica fume, sulfate, microstructure.



Reactive powder concrete is a type of high-performance concrete with low porosity. RPC eliminates the use of coarse aggregates in the mixture to increase compactness, stability of the mixture components, and to minimize internal defects in materials such as void area. Reactive powder concrete is composed by materials such as Portland cement (OPC), quartz sand, quartz flour, silica fume, water, superplasticizer, and without coarse aggregate. The purpose of this research is to analyze the characteristics of reactive powder concrete in density, compressive strength and durability with variation of w/c. This mixture has three variations consisting of variations of w/c. Variations in w/c used were 0.20, 0.23 and 0.26 with sulfate immersion for 28 and 56 days. The ASTM standard is used as the basis for testing slump flow, setting time, and compressive strength. The result of the maximum compressive strength test is 71.15 N/mm2 with w/c = 0.20 in the condition without immersion. The result of microstructure test which has the highest C-S-H and the lowest porosity is w/c = 0.20.



[1] Al-Hassani, H.M., Khalil, W.I., and Danha, L.S., “Mechanical Properties of Reactive Powder Concrete With Various Steel Fiber and Silica Fume Contents,” Bulletin of Engineering Tome VII, University of Techonologi Baghdad, Iraq, 2014.
[2] Saloma, Hanafiah, and Putra, F.N., “The Effect of Polypropylene Fiber on Mechanical Properties of Reactive Powder Concrete,” AIP Conference Proceedings 1885, 020093, 2017.
[3] Amudhavalli, N.K. and Jecha, M., “Effect of Silica Fume on Strength and Durability Parameters on Concrete,” International Journal of Engineering and Emerging Technologies, Vol. 3, Issue 1, 2012.
[4] Apebo, Niusta, S., Aondowase, J.S., Ameh, P., Josephat, C.E., and Paul, T.A., “Effect of Water-Cement Ratio on the Compressive Strength of Gravel-Crushed Over Burnt Bricks Concrete,” Civil and Environmental Research Benur State Polytechnic, Nigeria, 2013.
[5] Hassan, A., Hilmi, B.M., Mohd, Z.J., Belal, A., and Aziz, A., “Effect of Magnesium Sulphate on Self-Compacting Concrete Containing Supplementary Cementitious Materials,” Advances in Materials Science and Engineering, Vol. 2013, Article 232371, 2013.
[6] Muranal, M, S., and B, K.R., “Study on The Durability Characteristics of Reactive Powder Concrete,” International Journal of Structural and Civil Engineering Research, 2014.
[7] Sarika, S. and Elson, J., “A Study on Properties of Reactive Powder Concrete,” International Journal of Engineering and Technology, Vol. 4, Issue 1, 2015.
[8] So, H., Hong-seok, J., Janchivdorj, K., and Seung-young, S., “Mechanical Properties and Microstructure of Reactive Powder Concrete using Ternary Pozzolanic Materials at Elevated Temperature,” KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering, 2014.
[9] Sugathan, A., “Steel Reinforced Reactive Powder Concrete,” International Journal of Advanced Engineering Research and Science, Vol. 3, Issue 7, 2016.