IJSTR

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Home About Us Scope Editorial Board Blog/Latest News Contact Us
0.2
2019CiteScore
 
10th percentile
Powered by  Scopus
Scopus coverage:
Nov 2018 to May 2020

CALL FOR PAPERS
AUTHORS
DOWNLOADS
CONTACT

IJSTR >> Volume 9 - Issue 5, May 2020 Edition



International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616



Life Cycle Inventory Of Greenhouse Gas Emission Associated With Bitumen Production

[Full Text]

 

AUTHOR(S)

Samuthirakani.V, Ashutosh Das

 

KEYWORDS

Greenhouse gas emission, bitumen, economic allocation, crude oil, refineries, life cycle inventory.

 

ABSTRACT

Huge quantity of paving grade bitumen plays a vital role in the construction sector of Highways. The refineries functioning in India depends on 85 % of imported crude oil, especially from Middle East countries. This paper deals with the Life Cycle Inventory of greenhouse gas emission in the production of bitumen in India. The emission from the process of extraction of crude oil from oil wells, transporting to India through ships to the nearest ports, pumping the crude oil through pipe line, and distillation of bitumen are studied in this paper. Cradle to gate concept has been adopted. The inventory mainly focuses on the GHG emission only. The process of production of bitumen is on the basis of straight run bitumen, and the same has been adopted in this paper. Mass allocation procedure is followed in the process of extraction of crude oil, and transportation of crude oil, while in the refinery zone economic allocation with respect to the cost of the individual items of the bitumen and all other by products is followed, and finally the overall CO2e emission in production of bitumen is arrived.

 

REFERENCES

[1]. Samuthirakani.V and Ashutosh Das., “Life Cycle Assessment of Asphaltic Pavement: A Literature Review”. Indian Journal of Environment Potection.Vol-40, No.3 pp.307-311, 2020
[2]. Samuthirakani.V and Ashutosh Das., “Assessment of Carbon Footprint and Emergy Vis-À-Vis Sub Grade Strength in Flexible Pavement Construction”. International Journal of Innovative Technology. and Exploring Engineering”.Vol -8, Issue 9. pp. 173-181, 2019
[3]. Timo Blomberg, Frederick Bernald,Mike Southern , Life Cycle Inventory : Bitumen, 5th, Eurasphalt & Eurobitume Congress , Istanbul. 2012
[4]. Avijit Choudhury, “Energy Performance Scenario of Indian Refineries”, https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/energy-performance-scenario-indian-refineries-avijit-choudhury/ , 2016 (Accessed 09-5-2020)
[5]. Moti L. Mittal , Estimates of Emissions from Coal Fired Thermal Power Plants in India , Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida, USA, 2012
[6]. https://www.hydropower.org/news/study-shows-hydropower%E2%80%99s-carbon-footprintIndia (Accessed 09-5-2020)
[7]. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) https://www.ipcc.ch/ (Accessed 09-5-2020)
[8]. P.J. Zijlema , Annual update of fuel list for the Netherlands : List of fuels and standard CO2 emission factors , 2019 Central Electricity Authority, Ministry of Power, Government of India, http://cea.nic.in/monthlyinstalledcapacity.html (Accessed 09-5-2020)
[9]. International Association of Oil & Gas Producers www.igop.org (Accessed 09-5-2020)
[10]. Petroleum Planning & Analysis Cell (Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas) https://data.gov.in/resources/major-crude-oil-pipelines-india-31032015-2016-17 (Accessed 09-5-2020)