International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Home About Us Scope Editorial Board Blog/Latest News Contact Us
10th percentile
Powered by  Scopus
Scopus coverage:
Nov 2018 to May 2020


IJSTR >> Volume 9 - Issue 5, May 2020 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Data Centres: A Prescriptive Model For Green And Eco-Friendly Environment In The Cement Industry In Nigeria

[Full Text]



Wilson Nwankwo, Kingsley E. Ukhurebor



Environmental pollution control, Green computing, Data centre, Production operations



Data centres are important facilities in modernization of cement production industries across the world. In the last two decades, Nigeria has witnessed an amazing cement manufacturing and production reforms. Consequent upon these reforms is a marked reduction in the importation of bagged cement from other countries thereby reducing capital flights and boosting the gross domestic product. A typical cement plant in Nigeria produces an average of 6000 metric tonnes of bagged cement per day. Of vital importance to the instrumentation of local cement production and distribution plants is high technology computing infrastructure. These cement plants deploy sophisticated IT infrastructure that are driven by large diesel powered generators owing to the unstable mains power supply across the country. The effect is increased environmental pollution and degradation in the hosting environments as chemical, gaseous emissions, electronic wastes, and noise are consistently present. In some facilities, there are often more than one data centre with each supporting a definite suite of production processes. This paper is an attempt to proffer solution to the traditional problems of environmental pollution arising from poor data centre operations. Accordingly, a carefully articulated integrated that would enable enforcement agencies, and control experts reduce the localization and pollution issues associated with scattered data centres, is proposed. It is believed that adherence to the proposed innovative model would reduce drastically the pollution associated with data centres in cement factories in Nigeria.



[1]. Mojekwu J.N, Idowu A, Sode O. 2013. Analysis of the contribution of imported and locally manufactured cement to the growth of gross domestic product (GDP) of Nigeria (1986 – 2011). African Journal of Business Management. 7(5): 360-371
[2]. Makoju J.O. 2010. Cement Industry in Nigeria: The journey so far. A Paper Presented at the 2nd Abitem Cement Conference, Ikeja, Lagos.
[3]. Cement Manufacturers Association of Nigeria (CMAN). Communiqué at the Conference on Cement Based Construction in Nigeria Organised by CMAN and Businessday Media Ltd. The Guardian, pp. 27, Monday, May 28, 2012.
[4]. Chinedu E, Chukwuemeka C.K. 2018. Oil Spillage and Heavy Metals Toxicity Risk in the Niger Delta, Nigeria. Journal of Health & Pollution. 8(19)
[5]. Elekwachi W, Nwankwoala H.O, Ocheje J.F, Chinedu J.O. 2019. Oil Spill Incidents and Wetlands Loss in Niger Delta: Implication for Sustainable Development Goals. International Journal of Environment and Pollution Research. 7(1): 1-20.
[6]. Osuji L.C, Aywiri G.O. 2005. Flared Gas and other Pollutants Associated with Air Quality in Industrial Areas of Nigeria: An Overview. Chemistry and Biodiversity.2 (10):1277-1289.
[7]. Gonçalves P.V.R. 2018. The economic impact of data centres. Available at https://www.diplomacy.edu/blog/economic-impact-data-centres.
[8]. Thornton G.2018. A Study of the Economic Benefits of Data Centre Investment in Ireland. IDA Ireland
[9]. Government of Ireland. 2018. Government Statement on The Role of Data Centres in Ireland’s Enterprise Strategy. Department of Housing, Planning and Local Government
[10]. Basalisco B. et al., 2019. Google’s Hyperscale Data Centres and Infrastructure Ecosystem in Europe: Economic impact study. Copenhage Economics
[11]. ESI Consult Solutions. 2019. The Economic and Revenue Impact of Data Centers in Pennsylvania: An analysis of the potential growth of data centers in PA as a result of the proposed data center sales and use tax exemption. ESI. Available at https://econsultsolutions.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/Data-Center-Final-Report_Econsult-Solutions.pdf
[12]. Pinto S. New data centers in Africa aim to drive economic growth. Available at https://channels.theinnovationenterprise.com/articles/new-data-centers-in-africa-aim-to-drive-economic-growth
[13]. Ogbodo S. G. 2009. Environmental Protection in Nigeria: Two Decades After the Koko Incident. Annual Survey of International & Comparative Law. 15(1): Article 2.
[14]. Ladan M.T. 2012. Review of NESREA Act 2007 and Regulations 2009-2011: A New Dawn in Environmental Compliance and Enforcement in Nigeria. 8/1 Law, Environment and Development Journal. 116.
[15]. Kankara A.I. 2013. Examining Environmental Policies and Laws in Nigeria. 4(3): 165-170
[16]. Adebayo W.O., Jegede A.O.,and Ogundele J.A. 2015.Environmental Laws in Nigeria: Negligence and Compliance on Road Transportation Land Use Planning Pattern in the South-South Geo-political Zone. Donnish Journal of Law and Conflict Resolution, 1(3):18-028
[17]. Mantu J.I. 2019. NESREA and the Challenge of Enforcing the Provisions of Environmental Impact Assessment Act in Nigeria. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3410104 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3410104
[18]. Kurp P. 2008. Green computing. Communications of the ACM. 51(10):11-18
[19]. Martinez-Fernandez C., Hinojosa C. & Miranda G. 2010. Greening Jobs and Skills: Labour Market Implications of Addressing Climate Change. OECD Local Economic and Employment Development (LEED) Papers 2010/2, OECD Publishing.
[20]. Baylis S. 2011. Green computing. ECMWF Newsletter No. 126:28-31
[21]. Andreopoulou Z.S. 2012. Green Informatics: ICT for Green and Sustainability. Agricultural Informatics, 3(2): 1-8.
[22]. Kadam M.S. and Singh D. 2013. Approaches to Green Computing to Reduce Global Warming. IBMRD's Journal of Management and Research. 2(1):413-420
[23]. Singh M. and Sidhu A.S. 2016. Green Computing. International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Science. 7(6) (Special Issue):195-197.
[24]. Pinto S.M., Divya V.,Varsha R.,Nalina V. 2018. Green Computing and Energy Consumption Issues in the Modern Age. International Journal of Engineering and Techniques. 4(3):661-665
[25]. Anthony B., Majid M.A., and Romli A. 2018. A Descriptive Study towards Green Computing Practice Application for Data Centers in IT Based Industries. MATEC Web of Conferences 150, 05048: 1-8. https://doi.org/10.1051/matecconf/201815005048
[26]. Nwankwo W., Ukaoha K.C.2019. Socio-Technical perspectives on Cybersecurity: Nigeria’s Cybercrime Legislation in Review. International Journal of Scientific and Technology Research. 8(9): 47-58..
[27]. Kifordu A., Nwankwo W.,and Ukpere W. 2019. The Role of Public Private Partnership on the Implementation of National Cybersecurity Policies: A Case of Nigeria. Journal of Advanced Research in Dynamical and Control Systems, 11(8):1386-1392.
[28]. Nwankwo W. and Kifordu A. 2019. Strengthening Private Sector participation in Public Infrastructure Projects through Concession Policies and Legislations in Nigeria: A Review. Journal of Advanced Research in Dynamical and Control Systems. 11(8):1360-1370.