Production Of Bio-Diesel From Soap Stock Of Cotton Seed Oil By Using Ferric Sulphate Catalyst Via A Two Step Heterogeneous Catalysis: Characteristics Of Bio-Diesel Produced
N.Satya Sree, V.Madhusudhan Rao, P.Vijetha
Index Words: Trans esterfication, Bio diesel, ferric sulphate, renewable, bio degradable.
Abstract: Better and broader use of existing clean energy technologies is an important objective of the vision A green Mother Earth one such technology is production of an eco friendly diesel i.e., bio diesel. It is an alternative every source with its biodegradability, low toxicity, renewability. Bio diesel is an alternative to mineral diesel which has been studied worldwide due to its applicability in the current engines of motor vehicles without any alterations and also noticed the reduced pollutant emissions particularly sulpur emissions which are liberated by fossil fuels to a considerable extent. Due to its renewable characteristic from vegetable oils, fats and a short chain alcohol,it can be considered to meet the energy crisis in the coming decades. From all these facts production of biodiesel is now having its significance, infact, most countries are establishing rules to its introduction by blending it in different proportions with mineral diesel. Now it is necessary to identify a viable process of producing biodiesel and a suitable catalyst that carry out the conversion of complex ester into a simple ester. Hence we adopted transesterification of soap stock, which is a refinery byproduct of cotton seed oil as feed stock with a simple alcohol and ferric sulphate as catalyst.
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