Two Artificial Diet Formulations For Troides Helena Linne Larvae (Lepidoptera : Papilionidae) In Bantimurung-Bulusaraung National Park, South Sulawesi
Sri Nur Aminah Ngatimin, Annie P. Saranga, Nurariaty Agus, Amran Achmad, Ifayanti Ridwan
Keywords: Troides helena, artificial diet, mung bean sprout, red bean
Abstract: The Common Birdwing Troides helena Linne (Lepidoptera : Papilionidae) is the one of butterflies species protected under Indonesian laws i.e. PP 7 and 8 year 1999 and UU no.5 year 1990. T. helena including on the list of International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna (CITES) Appendix II. The artificial diet for T. helena never done and we were used mung bean sprout and red bean as the substitute of wheat germ that more cheap and easy to find in our areas in South Sulawesi. The result was showed the high percentage of T. helena larvae survival on red bean 57,05% more higher than mung bean sprout 51,66%. A. tagala leaves as a control given a highest is 61,36%. The larvae weight before pre-pupae stage was highest on A. tagala leaves 4,86 mg. The lowest larvae weight on the mung bean sprout 2,13 mg. The red bean was given the higher larvae weight on artificial diet is 3,22 mg. This results different to pupae weight in every diet. The pupae weight on mung bean sprout is 2,55 mg compare to red bean 2,45 mg. The male emergence from red bean was higher 71,20% and lower on mung bean sprout 55%. The female from red bean was higher 48,08 % and 33% on mung bean sprout. T. helena male was emerged from mung bean sprout dan red bean almost be abnormal individual. Most of T. helena males has a crippling wings and the abdoment coherent in their exuviae. They has a short living periode about 4-6 h on their sites. On several T. helena female, we found few eggs reduce on her ovary (based on the dissection after her death). The formulation of artificial diet that suitable for T. helena larvae is red bean based the results on larvae survival and adult emergences. The composition of red bean almost similar to A. tagala leaves (control).
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