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IJSTR >> Volume 8 - Issue 7, July 2019 Edition



International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616



Hepatitis: The Most Prevalent Liver Disorder In The Lower Socioeconomic Areas Of Karachi, Pakistan

[Full Text]

 

AUTHOR(S)

Maria Arif, Lubna Naz, Amber Ayaz Memon, Zoha Khan, Sakina shabbir, Nazneen Zehra, Ghazala Yasmeen

 

KEYWORDS

Liver, Hepatitis, Social class, Infection, inflammation, Viral

 

ABSTRACT

Liver diseases are becoming a burden on the world day by day, with viral hepatitis being on top of the list and hepatocellular carcinoma is the 2nd leading cause of cancer deaths. The prime aim of the study was to observe most prevalent Liver disorder in the patients of lower socioeconomic areas. A total of 111 patients were observed in the major government hospitals for various liver disorders. Details of their laboratory parameters including Liver function tests, Hematological factors and ultrasound were collected. Among the 111 patients were categorized based on socioeconomic status, it was found that 82% patients belonged to lower class. For justification, various modifiable risk factors were also observed in these patients including smoking habits, tobacco eating, alcohol consumption, habit of self-medication. From the data collected, it was found that 91.9% patients were diagnosed with Hepatitis, 2.7% patients were diagnosed for Hepatocellular Carcinoma, 1.8% patients were enrolled with hepatomegaly, 1.8% patients were suffering from liver failure while fatty liver and gallstones were the least found liver disorders with only 0.9%. When the patients with hepatitis were categorized, 94.1% were found to be diagnosed with Hepatitis C and rest with Hepatitis B. Hepatitis C was found to be the most prevalent liver disorder in the lower socioeconomic areas of Karachi. Various risk factors were involved in its prevalence Further research, awareness and vaccination programs related to the risk factors and the treatment of Hepatitis are needed to control this life-threatening disease in these areas.

 

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