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IJSTR >> Volume 8 - Issue 8, August 2019 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Extension Services And Behavioral Strategies Of Farmers To Deal With Risk

[Full Text]



Zahra Ranjbar, Mohammad Chizari, Hasan Sadighi, Homayoun Farhadian



Climate, Coping strategies, Extension services, Wheat.



Agriculture is considered a critical sector in the world economy while the nature of the agricultural activities is mainly based on the risk, implying the need for more attention to risk management. In this regard, it is important to consider the role of educational programs and how farmers react to risk. The purpose of this survey research was to explore the role of extension services on strategies for coping with wheat production risks among farmers in Kermanshah province, Iran. The target research population consisted of all wheat producers in Kermanshah province who cultivated wheat in 2016-2017 (N=102000). A stratified random sampling method was used to select and interview 383 farmers in six districts of Kermanshah (n= 383). The reliability of different parts was estimated in a pilot study to be in the range of 0.73-0.94. The results highlighted 35 strategies that significantly influenced risk. Out of 35 adaptation strategies, the use of disinfected seeds was ranked the first among farm adaptive measures, while cooperative cultivation was ranked as the least frequently utilized. Despite the rather low use of the extension services by farmers, there was a positive significant relationship between the coping strategies and extension services. The results provide useful insights for researchers, extension agents, and farmers.



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