IJSTR

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Home About Us Scope Editorial Board Blog/Latest News Contact Us
0.2
2019CiteScore
 
10th percentile
Powered by  Scopus
Scopus coverage:
Nov 2018 to May 2020

CALL FOR PAPERS
AUTHORS
DOWNLOADS
CONTACT

IJSTR >> Volume 8 - Issue 7, July 2019 Edition



International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616



Various Power Management Schemes For Efficient Wind Energy Conversion System

[Full Text]

 

AUTHOR(S)

Rupendra Pachauri, Ankur Kumar Gupta, Raj Gaurav Mishra, Yogesh Chauhan

 

KEYWORDS

Power management schemes, wind turbine, renewable energy, blade pitch angle, tip speed ratio control, wind energy conversion system, performance coefficient.

 

ABSTRACT

In this paper, various control schemes of power management based on wind turbine (blade pitch angle or/and tip speed ratio), load parameters (current, voltage, power) and permanent magnet synchronous generator (PMSG) parameter (rotor speed) are proposed with simple and easy to implement Proportional-Integral (PI) controller for wind energy conversion system (WECS) operation. These control systems can be used for the purpose of power management. Together with these control schemes, the proposed WECS model is implemented in the MATLAB / Simulink environment. The operation of a WECS system is tested under dynamic conditions with these proposed control schemes. The results show that performance of these schemes is found satisfactory and based on these results, a comparative study is done.

 

REFERENCES

[1] M A. Balat, “Review of Modern Wind Turbine Technology,” Energy Sources, Part A: Recovery, Utilization, and Environmental Effects, vol. 14, pp. 1561-1572, 2009.
[2] Y. Errami, M. Ouassaid and M. Maaroufi, “Control of a PMSG Based Wind Energy Generation System for Power Maximization and Grid Fault Conditions,” Energy Procedia, vol. 42, pp. 220-229, 2013.
[3] T. Senjyu, R. Sakamoto, N. Urasaki, T. Funabashi, H. Fujita and H. Sekine, “Output Power Leveling of Wind Turbine Generator for all Operating Regions by Pitch Angle Control”, IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, vol. 21, pp. 467-475, 2006.
[4] C. Jauch, S. M. Islam, P. Sorensen and B. B. Jensen, “Design of a Wind Turbine Pitch Angle Controller for Power System Stabilization”, Renewable Energy, vol. 32, pp. 2334-2349, 2007.
[5] B. Boukhezzar, L. Lupu, H. Siguerdidjane and M. Hand, “Multivariable Control Strategy for Variable Speed Variable Pitch Wind Turbines”, Renewable Energy, vol. 32, pp.1273-1287, 2007.
[6] Y. E. Tous, “Pitch Angle Control of Variable Speed Wind Turbine”, American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, vol. 1, pp.118-120, 2008.
[7] J. Zhang, M. Cheng, Z. Chen and X. Fu, “Pitch Angle Control for Variable Speed Wind Turbines”, Proc. IEEE Conference on Deregulation and Restructuring and Power Technologies, pp. 2691-2696, 2008.
[8] T. S. No, J. E. Kim, J. H. Moon and S. J. Kim, “Modeling, Control, and Simulation of Dual Rotor Wind Turbine Generator System”, Renewable Energy, vol. 34, pp. 2124-2132, 2009.
[9] A. S. Yilmaz and Z. Ozer, “Pitch Angle Control in Wind Turbines above the Rated Wind Speed by Multi-Layer Perceptron and Radial Basis Function Neural Networks”, Experts system with Applications. Vol. 36, pp. 9767-9775, 2009.
[10] F. A. R. Abbas and M. A. Abdulsada, “Simulation of Wind-turbine Speed Control by MATLAB”, International Journal of Computer and Electrical Engineering, vol. 2, pp. 912-915, 2010.
[11] A. Musyafa, A. Harika, I. M. Y. Negara and I. Robandi, “Pitch Angle Control of Variable Low Rated Speed Wind Turbine Using Fuzzy Logic Controller”, International Journal of Engineering and Technology, vol. 10, pp. 22-25, 2010.
[12] Y. Errami, M. Maaroufi and M. Ouassaid, “Modelling and Control Strategy of PMSG Based Variable Speed Wind Energy Conversion System”, Proc. IEEE Conference on Multimedia Computing and Systems, pp. 1-6, 2010.
[13] C. K. Ciobotaru, R. Boraci, I. Filip, C. Vasar and G. Prostean, “Control Strategy for a Variable-Speed Wind Turbine Using DC Bus Measurements”, Proc. IEEE Symposium on Intelligent Systems and Informatics, pp. 329-334, 2010.
[14] Y. Izumi, A. Pratap, K. Uchida, A. Uehara, T. Senjyu and A. Yona, “A Control Method for Maximum Power Point Tracking of a PMSG-based WECS Using Online Parameter Identification of Wind Turbine”, Proc. IEEE Conference on Power Electronics and Drive Systems, pp. 1125-1130, 2011.
[15] Y. Izumi, A. Pratap, K. Uchida, A. Uehara, T. Senjyu and A. Yona, “A Fuzzy-Based Output Power Smoothing of WECS using Short-Term Ahead Prediction of Wind Speed”, Proc. IEEE International Conference on Fuzzy Systems pp. 2414-2419, 2011.
[16] G. Joseph, J. C. Foreman and M. L. McIntyre, “A Variable Duty Cycle Maximum Power Point Tracking Algorithm for Wind Energy Conversion Systems”, Proc. IEEE Conference on Power Electronics and Machines in Wind Applications, pp. 1-5, 2012.
[17] M. A. Chowdhury, N. Hosseinzadeh and W. X. Shen, “Smoothing Wind Power Fluctuations by Fuzzy Logic Pitch Angle Controller”, Renewable Energy, vol. 38, pp. 224-233, 2012.
[18] M. A. Abdullah, A. H. M. Yatim, C. W. Tan and R. Saidur, “A Review of Maximum Power Point Tracking Algorithms for Wind Energy Systems”, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 16, pp. 3220-3277, 2012.
[19] O. Belghazi and M. Cherkaoui, “Pitch Angle Control for Variable Speed Wind Turbines Using Genetic Algorithm Controller”, Journal of Theoretical and Applied Information Technology, vol. 39, pp. 6-10, 2012.
[20] Y. Vidal, L. Acho, N. Luo, M. Zapateiro and F. Pozo, “Power Control Design for Variable Speed Wind Turbines”, Energies, vol. 5, pp. 3033-3050, 2012.
[21] A. Hwas and R. Katebi, “Wind Turbine Control Using PI Pitch Angle Controller”, Proc. IFAC Conference on Advances in PID Control, pp. 1-6, 2012.
[22] O. Barambones, J. M. G. D. Durana and M. D. L. Sen, “Robust Speed Control for a Variable Speed Wind Turbine”, International Journal of Innovative Computing, Information and Control, vol. 8, pp. 7627-7640, 2012.
[23] H. Ye, J. Su, S. Du, “Simulation and Analysis of PMSG-based Wind Energy Conversion System Using Different Converter Models”, Engineering Vol. 5, pp. 96-100, 2013.
[24] D. Petkovic, Z. Cojbasic and V. Nikolic, “Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Approach for Wind Turbine Power Coefficient Estimation”, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 28, pp.191-195, 2013.
[25] A. M. Howlader, N. Urasaki and A. Yona, “A Review of Output Power Smoothing Methods for Wind Energy Conversion Systems”, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 26, pp. 135-146, 2013.
[26] R. Guo, J. Du, J. Wu and Y. Liu, “The Pitch Control Algorithm of Wind Turbine Based on Fuzzy Control and PID Control”, Energy and Power Engineering, vol. 5, pp. 6-10, 2013.
[27] S. Goyal, M. Gaur and S. Bhandari, “Power Regulation of a Wind Turbine Using Adaptive Fuzzy- PID Pitch Angle Controller”, International Journal of Recent Technology and Engineering, vol. 2, pp. 128-132, 2013.
[28] A. Echchaachouai, S. E. Hani, A. Hammouch and S. Guedira, “A New Sensor Less Maximum Power Point Tracking Technologies of Wind Conversion Chain Based on a PMSG”, Proc. IEEE Conf. on Renewable and Sustainable Energy, pp. 328-333, 2014.
[29] M. Nasiri, J. Milimonfared and S. H. Fathi, “Modeling, Analysis and Comparison of TSR and OTC Methods for MPPT and Power Smoothing in Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generator-based Wind Turbines”, Energy Conversion and Management, vol. 86, pp. 892-900, 2014.
[30] C. Ran, J. Aiqiang, J. Jiapei, L. Ling and C. Tiantian, “An Improved Method of Maximum Peak Power Tracking Strategy for Wind Power Convention System”, Proc. International Conference on Electricity Distribution, pp. 160-164, 2014..
[31] C. Viveiros, R. Melicio, J. M. Igreja and V. M. F. Mendes, “Supervisory Control of a Variable Speed Wind Turbine with Doubly Fed Induction Generator”, Energy Experts, vol. 1, pp. 89-95, 2015.
[32] M. J. M. Vargas, D. G. O. Lorente, O. Rabaza and E. A. Hernandez, “Aggregated Models of Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generators Wind Farms”, Renewable Energy, vol. 83, pp. 1-12, 2015.
[33] R. K. Pachauri and Y. K. Chauhan, “Mechanical Control Methods in Wind Turbine Operations for Power Generation”, Journal of Automation and Control Engineering, vol. 2, pp. 214-220, 2012.
[34] J. Verma, Y. Tiwari, A. Mishra and N. Singh, “Performance, Analysis and Simulation of Wind Energy Conversion System Connected with Grid”, International Journal of Recent Technology and Engineering, vol. 2, pp. 33-38, 2014.
[35] S. Li, T. A. Haskew, R. P. Swatloski and W. Gathings, “Optimal and Direct Current Vector Control of Direct-driven PMSG Wind Turbines”, IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 27, pp. 2325-2337, 2012.