IJSTR

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Home About Us Scope Editorial Board Blog/Latest News Contact Us
0.2
2019CiteScore
 
10th percentile
Powered by  Scopus
Scopus coverage:
Nov 2018 to May 2020

CALL FOR PAPERS
AUTHORS
DOWNLOADS
CONTACT

IJSTR >> Volume 8 - Issue 7, July 2019 Edition



International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616



Azolla Mycrophylla Fertilizer For Sustainable Agriculture: Compost And Liquid Fertilizer Applications

[Full Text]

 

AUTHOR(S)

Sri Utami Lestari, Enny Mutryarny, Neng Susi

 

KEYWORDS

Azolla Mycrophylla Fertilizer, Agriculture, Compost and Liquid.

 

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study is a field test of the use of Azolla mycrophylla as a cheap and high-quality alternative fertilizer in Indonesia that aims to assist the Indonesian government's program in terms of national food security. The field test in this study involved two types of Azolla Mycrophylla namely wet and dry azolla, which were analyzed using analysis of variance (Anova) and Duncan's advanced test at the level of 5%, analyzing the chemical composition of Azolla mycrophylla in various technological innovations either as compost or liquid fertilizer (POC) using wet azolla and dried azolla in its application. The study found that the best treatment of compost Azolla was found in A3 treatment, namely azolla compost 96 g/polybag + 0.75 g urea/polybag, and the best treatment of liquid fertilizer Azolla is in the A4 treatment, namely the administration of Azolla mycrophylla POC 120 ml/l + 0.5 g urea/polybag. The average yield of variance showed the treatment of both the combination of Azolla mycrophylla compost and POC and urea significantly affected all parameters of observation. The results showed the combination treatment of both Azolla mycrophylla compost and Azolla mycrophylla POC can save the use of urea fertilizer which is needed to keep up with food demand but is also environmentally friendly. Both compost and POC Azolla mycrophylla have met the standards of organic fertilizer for vegetables according to the Regulation of Ministry of Agriculture No. 28 of 2009.

 

REFERENCES

[1]. Allen, S. E., Grimshaw, H. M., Parkinson, J. A., & Quarmby, C. (1974). Chemical analysis of ecological materials. Blackwell Scientific Publications.
[2]. Arditia, 2016. Pengaruh Pemberian Pupuk Hijau Cair Azolla Terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Produksi Rumput Signal (Brachiaria decumbens). Skripsi. Universitas Hasanudin. Makasar.
[3]. Arifin, M., Santoso, J., & Ardie, I. P. (2018). Responce of Soybean Plant (Glycine Max (L.) Mer) on Efficiency Use of Npk Fertilizer with Addition of Organic Fertilizer. UNEJ e-Proceeding, 241-247.
[4]. Ashton, P. J., & Walmsley, R. D. (1984). The taxonomy and distribution of Azolla species in southern Africa. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 89(3), 239-247.
[5]. [Bappenas] Badan Perencanaan Pembangunan Nasional. (2011). Kajian strategis kebijakan subsidi pertanian yang efektif, efisien dan berkeadilan. Jakarta: Badan Perencanaan Pembangunan Nasional. Urgensi dan Opsi Perubahan Kebijakan Subsidi Pupuk.
[6]. Bokhtiar, S. M., & Sakurai, K. (2005). Effects of organic manure and chemical fertilizer on soil fertility and productivity of plant and ratoon crops of sugarcane. Archives of Agronomy and Soil science, 51(3), 325-334.
[7]. Pusat Penelitian Tanah. (1983). Kriteria Penilaian Data Sifat Analisis Kimia Tanah. Bogor: Balai Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian Departemen Pertanian.
[8]. Chand, S., Anwar, M. & Patra, D. D. (2006). Influence of long-term application of organic and inorganic fertilizer to build up soil fertility and nutrient uptake in mint-mustard cropping sequence. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 37, 63-76.
[9]. Chen, J. H. (2006, October). The combined use of chemical and organic fertilizers and/or biofertilizer for crop growth and soil fertility. In International workshop on sustained management of the soil-rhizosphere system for efficient crop production and fertilizer use (Vol. 16, p. 20). Land Development Department Bangkok, Thailand.
[10]. Cotrufo, M. F., Wallenstein, M. D., Boot, C. M., Denef, K., & Paul, E. (2013). The M icrobial E fficiency‐M atrix S tabilization (MEMS) framework integrates plant litter decomposition with soil organic matter stabilization: do labile plant inputs form stable soil organic matter?. Global Change Biology, 19(4), 988-995.
[11]. Departemen Pertanian. (2009). Kajian perbaikan kebijakan subsidi pupuk. Laporan Hasil Kajian. Jakarta: Departemen Pertanian.
[12]. Delschen, T. (1999). Impacts of long-term application of organic fertilizers on soil quality parameters in reclaimed loess soils of the Rhineland lignite mining area. Plant and Soil, 213(1-2), 43-54.
[13]. Gardner, F.P., Pearce, R. B., & Mitchell, R. L. (1991). Fisiologi tanaman budidaya. Jakarta: Universitas Indonesia.
[14]. Groffman, P. M., Altabet, M. A., Böhlke, J. K., Butterbach-Bahl, K., David, M. B., Firestone, M. K., & Voytek, M. A. (2006). Methods for measuring denitrification: diverse approaches to a difficult problem. Ecological Applications, 16(6), 2091-2122.
[15]. Hadisuwito, S. (2007). Membuat Pupuk Kompos Cair. Jakarta: Agromedia Pustaka.
[16]. Hakim. (1986). Dasar-Dasar Ilmu Tanah. Lampung: Universitas Lampung.
[17]. Hanafiah, K. A. (2005). Dasar-dasar Ilmu Tanah. Yogyakarta: PT Raja Grafindo Persada.
[18]. Hanudin, E., Kautsar, V., Adityo, Z., & Widya Yuwono, N. (2010). Karakteristik Kimia, Potensi dan Sebaran Bahan Pupuk Organik dan Mineral di Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta. Jurnal Tanah dan Lingkungan, 10(2), 93-100.
[19]. Hasan, M. R., & Rina, C. (2009). Use of algae and aquatic macrophytes as feed in small-scale aquaculture: a review (No. 531). Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).
[20]. Heluf, G. (2002). Soil and Water Management Research Program Summary Report of Research Activities. Alemaya Research Center, Alemaya University, 95-98.
[21]. Indriani, Y. H. 2002. Membuat Kompos Secara Kilat. Jakarta: PT. Penebar Swadaya.
[22]. Isrun. (2010). Perubahan Serapan Nitrogen Tanaman Jagung dan Kadar Al-dd Akibat Pemberian Kompos Tanaman Legum dan Nonlegum Pada Inseptisols Napu. Jurnal Agroland, 17(1).
[23]. Janzen, H. H., & Kucey, R. M. N. (1988). C, N, and S mineralization of crop residues as influenced by crop species and nutrient regime. Plant and Soil, 106(1), 35-41.
[24]. Kuncarawati, I. L., Husen, S., & Rukhiyat, M. (2005). Aplikasi Teknologi Pupuk Organik Azolla Pada Budidaya Padi Sawah di Desa Mandesan Kecamatan Selopuro Kabupaten Blitar. Jurnal Dedikasi, 3, 10-16.
[25]. Lestari, S. U. (2018). Analisis Beberapa Unsur Kimia Kompos Azolla mycrophylla. Jurnal Ilmiah Pertanian, 14(2), 60-5.
[26]. Lumpkin, T. A., & Plucknett, D. L. (1980). Azolla: botany, physiology, and use as a green manure. Economic Botany, 34(2), 111-153.
[27]. Mano, W. (2018). Effect of Rate and Combination of Dap and Urea Fertilizers on Gera Potato (Solanum Tuberosum L.) Variety Yield at Debre Berhan, North Shewa Zone, Amhara, Ethiopia. International Journal of Modern Pharmaceutical Research, 2(5), 111-116.
[28]. Manullang, Gerald Sehat., Abdul Rahmi dan Puji Astuti. (2014). Pengaruh Jenis dan Konsentrasi Pupuk Organik Cair Terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Hasil Tanaman Sawi (Brassica juncea L.) Varietas Tosakan. Jurnal Agrifor, 13(1), 1412 – 6885.
[29]. McNeill, J., Barrie, F. R., Buck, W. R., Demoulin, V., Greuter, W., Hawksworth, D. L., & Prud’homme Van Reine, W. F. (2012). International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi and plants. Regnum vegetabile, 154.
[30]. Moore, A. W. (1969). Azolla: biology and agronomic significance. The Botanical Review, 35(1), 17-34.
[31]. Mulyanto, B. S., Supriyadi, & Purnomo, D. (2015). Analisis Tanah Untuk Rekomendasi Pemupukan pada Budidaya Jagung, Padi dan Ketela Pohon. Journal of Sustainable Agriculture, 30(2), 91-96.
[32]. Nurshanti, D. F. (2009). Pengaruh Pemberian Pupuk Organik Terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Hasil Tanaman Sawi Caisim (Brassica juncea L.). Agronobis, 1(1).
[33]. Oad, F. C., Buriro, U. A., & Agha, S. K. (2004). Effect of organic and inorganic fertilizer application on maize fodder production. Asian J. Plant Sci, 3(3), 375-377.
[34]. Parman. (2007). Pengaruh Pemberian Pupuk Organik Cair Terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Produksi Kentang (Solanum tuberosum). Semarang: Universitas Diponegoro.
[35]. Peters, G. A., & Meeks, J. C. (1989). The Azolla-Anabaena symbiosis: basic biology. Annual review of plant biology, 40(1), 193-210.
[36]. Phrasetyo. (2017). Pembuatan Kompos Azolla. Yogyakarta: Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta.
[37]. Poerwowidodo. (1993). Telaah Kesuburan Tanah. Bandung: Angkasa.
[38]. Sabadas, M., Dîrja, M., Voevod, M., & Maxim, M. (2019). Wellbeing Through Ecological Horticulture for Sustainable Development of Rural Area. In Le Colloque Francophone sur le Style de Vie Sain des Jeunes (Vol. 10, p. 17).
[39]. Sarief, E. S. (1986). Ilmu Tanah Pertanian. Bandung: Pustaka Buana.
[40]. Savci, S. (2012). An agricultural pollutant: chemical fertilizer. International Journal of Environmental Science and Development, 3(1), 73.
[41]. Sönmez, İ., Kaplan, M., & Sönmez, S., (2008). Effect of chemical fertilizers on environmental pollution and its prevention methods. Derim.
[42]. Stevenson, F. J. (1994). Humus chemistry: genesis, composition, reactions. John Wiley & Sons.
[43]. Sutanto, R. 2002. Pertanian Organik Menuju Pertanian Alternatif dan Berkelanjutan dalam Tanah Sawah dan Teknologi Pengelolaannya. Yogyakarta: Kanisius.
[44]. Tătaru-Fărmuș, R. E., Cocea, R. G., Adomnică, A., & Apostolescu, N. (2018). Changes in Soil Ph Due to the Use of Chemical Fertilizers. Secţia Chimie şi Inginerie Chimică, 64(68).
[45]. Wagner GM, 1997. Azolla: A review of its biology and utilization. The Botanical Review, 63(1), 1-25
[46]. Wahyudi, A. T. (2009). Rhizobacteria Pemacu Pertumbuhan Tanaman: Prospeknya sebagai Agen Biostimulator & Biokontrol. Nano Indonesia.
[47]. Warman, P. R., & Termeer, W. C. (2005). Evaluation of sewage sludge, septic waste and sludge compost applications to corn and forage: yields and N, P and K content of crops and soils. Bioresource technology, 96(8), 955-961.
[48]. Wiskandar. (2002). Pemanfaatan pupuk kandang untuk memperbaiki sifat fisik tanah di lahan kritis yang telah diteras. Konggres Nasional VII.
[49]. Yadav, S. N., Peterson, W., & Easter, K. W. (1997). Do farmers overuse nitrogen fertilizer to the detriment of the environment?. Environmental and Resource Economics, 9(3), 323-340.
[50]. Yusnaweti, M. P. (2016). Pengaruh Pemberian Beberapa Dosis Nutrifarm Ag Terhadap Pertumbuhan Tanaman Manggis (Garcinia mangostana L.). Menara Ilmu, 10(10).
[51]. Zainudin, A., & Winaya, A. (1999). Culture of Anabaena azollae microalgae at various concentration of phosphor in free-nitrogen medium. In Seminar Pertemuan Ilmiah Tahunan Perhimpunan Mikrobiologi Indonesia, Bandar Lampung (Indonesia), 14-15 Dec 1998. PERMI Cabang Lampung.