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IJSTR >> Volume 8 - Issue 7, July 2019 Edition



International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616



An Error Students In Mathematical Problems Solves Based On Cognitive Development

[Full Text]

 

AUTHOR(S)

Sri Adi Widodo, Turmudi, Jarnawi Afgani Dahlan

 

KEYWORDS

Error, Mathematical Problem, Cognitive Development, Problem Solving

 

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this research is to find out the profile of students' mistakes in solving quadrilateral problems based on the cognitive development of middle school students. This research is included in qualitative research with detailed research. This research is a preliminary study on 4D research and development. This preliminary study aims to study the characteristics of students in solving mathematical problems based on cognitive development from Piaget. The instrument used in this study is that researchers, Test Logical of Operation and problem-solving test. The stages for analyzing data are (1) preparing and organizing data for analysis, (2) exploring and coding data, (3) coding for constructing descriptions, (4) representing and reporting findings, (5) interpreting findings, and (6) validate the accuracy of the results. At the stage of understanding the problem, in general, the subjects did not make mistakes in the first stage even though some subjects did not write down what was known and asked about the problem at hand. At the stage of planning to resolve subject formal is experience principle errors and procedural errors. At the stage of carrying out the transitional and concrete subject plan experience the mistakes of concepts and procedures, whereas in the formal subject, because in the previous step it cannot arrange the scenario to solve the problem, the formal subject cannot implement the plan to solve the problem. In the fourth stage, in general, subjects interpret the overall steps of solving the problem.

 

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