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IJSTR >> Volume 9 - Issue 7, July 2020 Edition



International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616



Effects Of Attentional Focuses On The Accuracy Of Golf Putting Depending On The Putting Distance

[Full Text]

 

AUTHOR(S)

Sunok Lim, Seokhwan Shin, Youngjun Kim, Taegyong Kwon

 

KEYWORDS

attentional focus, golf putting, distance

 

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to perform experiments with a golf-putting task to investigate the effect of the internal focus of attention and the external focus of attention, as well as the focus of attention of the control group, according to the difference in putting distance (1 m, 3 m, and 5 m). The subjects were composed of 20 male and 10 female college students with no experience in golf (all were right-handed). They were randomly assigned into three groups with 10 participants per group: the internal focus of attention, external focus of attention, and control groups. After the exercise was performed three times for each distance (1 m, 3 m, and 5 m) as a trial, it was performed 10 times for each single putting distance. The experiment was performed for a total of 300 times (100 times for each distance). The groups were analyzed by distance (1 m, 3 m, and 5 m) to measure the absolute error; the direction was analyzed to measure the accuracy of the variable error for measuring the consistency; and the average of the total error was obtained to determine the general trend. Moreover, the standard deviations of the differences were determined. To analyze the differences in the errors, a two-way ANOVA with repeated measures was performed. As a result, first, according to the differences found from the putting challenge. However, no differences between groups were found. Second, learning the exercise for beginners through to the external focus of attention seemed to be more effective than through the internal focus of attention.

 

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