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IJSTR >> Volume 3- Issue 11, November 2014 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Analysis Of Organic Food-Crop Production In Umuahia South Local Government Area Of Abia State, Nigeria.

[Full Text]



Dr. Onumadu, F.N. Odoemelam, L.E., Osakwe, O.P.



Key words: Organic Food-Crops, Production, Benefits, Constraints



ABSTRACT: The study analyzed organic food-crop production in Umuahia South Local Government Area of Abia State, Nigeria. Structured and validated interview schedule was used to collect relevant information from 115 organic food-crop farmers using multistage random sampling technique. Data were analyzed using frequency, percentage, mean and regression statistics. The findings showed that the organic food-crop farmers were dominated by farmers aged 30-49 years representing 68.7% of the total respondents. Majority (61.7%) were females and 80.9% of them were married. Over 45% of the respondents had household size of 4 – 6 people. There was high literacy among the farmers who had farming as their major occupation. The commonly grown organic food-crop were maize, tomato and pepper, vegetables and cassava. Other crops were intercropped with these food-crops to provide the much needed green manure for the crops. Increased productivity (91.3%), low cost of production (79.1%), high yield of product (75.7%) and organic food taste and safety in consumption (53.9%) were the major reasons why farmers engaged in organic food-crop production. Nevertheless, constraints which militated against organic food-crop production in the study area included pest and disease attack (96.5%), poor storage facilities (88.7%), inadequate extension contact with farmers (72.2%), lack of credit facilities and subsidies (71.3%) and lack of infrastructural facilities (70.4%). Results of the regression showed that age, market availability, land tenure system and education correlated significantly with the level of farmers’ production of organic food-crops. It was recommended that farmers should be motivated through credit facilities to enable them purchase inputs needed for organic farming in order to ensure sustainable production of food. Again, farmers should be enlightened on various organic methods of controlling weeds, pests and diseases by extension workers.



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