Contribution Of Human Development Index On Per Capita Income Growth And Poverty Alleviation In Indonesia
Keywords: Human development index, income per capita, income per capita growth, Indonesia and poverty
Abstract: The development of a country usually determined by the human development index (HDI). Per capita income, education and health are the three most important components of human development index. The purpose of this research is to understand the relationship among human development index to income per capita growth and poverty alleviation in Indonesia with cross-section data from 30 provinces period 2002 – 2011 year. The result of this research were (a) income per capita growth was not significant effected to poverty headcount, poverty gap dan poverty severity, (b) income per capita has a negative effect and statiscally significant on poverty headcount, poverty gap and poverty severity, (c) inflation has positive effect and statistically significant on poverty headcount but did not have any effect on poverty gap and poverty severity, (d) education has a positive effect on poverty headcount, poverty gap and poverty severity, and (e) health only has a positive effect on poverty severity but did not have any effect on poverty headcount and poverty gap.
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