IJSTR

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

IJSTR@Facebook IJSTR@Twitter IJSTR@Linkedin
Home About Us Scope Editorial Board Blog/Latest News Contact Us
CALL FOR PAPERS
AUTHORS
DOWNLOADS
CONTACT
QR CODE
IJSTR-QR Code

IJSTR >> Volume 5 - Issue 3, March 2016 Edition



International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616



Antinematicidal Efficacy Of Root Exudates Of Some Crotalaria Species On Meloidogyne Incognita (Root-Knot Nematode) (Kofoid And White) Chitwood Isolated From Infected Lycopersicum Esculentum L.(Tomato) Plant

[Full Text]

 

AUTHOR(S)

L.S Danahap, D.L Wonang

 

KEYWORDS

Antinematicidal efficacy, exudates, kofoid and white, tomato, root-knot

 

ABSTRACT

The antinematicidal efficacies of exudates of four common weeds: Crotalaria breviflora, Crotalaria juncea, Crotalaria retusa, and Crotalaria spectabilis were carried out against Meloidogyne incognita. The young actively growing seedling of the common weeds were uprooted and taken to the laboratory for analyses. The root exudates of test plants were prepared by growing the young actively growing seedlings in test tubes wrapped with black carbon paper for five days under lighted florescent bulbs. Root exudates of Crotalaria breviflora, Crotalaria juncea, Crotalaria retusa and Crotalaria spectabilis exhibited nematicidal properties against the Meloidogyne incognita. The effects varied with concentrations of the exudates (P<0.05) using analysis of variance (ANOVA). The effects also differed among test plants with Crotalaria retusa topping in terms of reduction in nematode population. This was followed by C.breviflora, C.juncea and C.spectabilis respectively. The results thus confirmed that all the test plants are potentially viable trap weeds, and can be used for the control of Meloidogyne incognita and should be employed as such.

 

REFERENCES

[1] S.O. Afolamu and J. Atungwu, Corrrelation studies on Meloidogyne induced root-galls and some growth parameters of four elite varieties of Glycine max (L) Merr, 6: 97, 2001. Tropical oilseeds Journal.

[2] M.M.Aguillera, S. Matsuoka and O.T.Ido, Efeitos da aduba; Verde Com. Crotalaria juncea sobre nematiisea produ de canade-aiiar, 8:25-26, 1984.Nematologia Brasileira.

[3] M.Akhtar and A.Malik, Role of organic soil amendments and soil organism in the biological control of plant parasitic nematodes.74:35-47, 2000. A Review Bioresources Technology.

[4] O.Balogun, The Federal Capital Teritory of Nigeria; A geographical of its development.2001, Ibadan University press.

[5] K.R.Becker and S.R.Koening Developing sustainable systems for nematode management.36:165-205, 1998, Annual Review of Phytopathology.

[6] P.S.Chindo and F.A.Khan, Host parasite relationship between root-knot nematodes in northern Nigeria. 6:93-100, 1986. Pakistan Journal of Nematology.

[7] G.Conway, The depletion of natural resources: The impact of food. A 2020 vision for food, agriculture and the environment. P125, 1995. International Food Policy Research Institutes. Washington, D.C.

[8] H.V.Dropkin, Introduction to plant nematology.Second Editon.A willey International science publication,John willey and sons New York.p 304Dualton, R.A.C. (1955). Progress on eelworm control experiments, 11:21-27, 1989. Rhodesian Tobacco.

[9] A.O.Enikuomehin and A.T.Peters, Evaluation of crude extracts from some Nigerian Plants for the control of field disease of Sesame (Sesamum indicum) P14, 2001.Nigeria Society for Plant Protection, Book of Astracts.

[10] W.Ferguson and A.Padula, Economic effects of banning Methyl Bromide for vsoil fumigation. United States Department of Agriculture, 1994. Washington. DC.

[11] C.S.Huang, J.M. Charchar and R.C.V.Tenente, Control of root-knot nematode (Meloidogyne incognita) in carrot (Daucas carota) through rotation.5:329-336.1981. Fito-pathologia Brasileria.

[12] E.A.Ibe, B.A. Onuegbu and J.A.Osakwe, Fungi state potency of peperomia pellicida (1) H.B. and K on the seed pathogens seedling of Okra. P 14, 1999. Nigerian Society for Plant Protection Book of Abstracts p 14.

[13] F.G.Jones and M.G.Jones, Pest of field crops 2nd edition2:393-395, 1978 Journal of Nematology.

[14] S.N.Nandal and D.S.Bhatti (1983). Preliminary screening of some weeds shrubs for their nematicidal activity against Meloidogyne javanica.Ind.13:123-127, 1983, Journal Nematology.

[15] S.N.Nandal and D.S.Bhatti, Influence of our plant extracts on the hatching of Meloidogyne javanica and invasion of host root.14: 291-294.1986. Nematology Maditerrranea.

[16] C.Natscher, Problems caused by nematodes in vegetable crop production in inter- tropical Zone. P12, 1971.Seminar on Tropical Vegetable Crops, Ibadan, Nigeria.

[17] J.W.Noling and J.O.Becker, The challenge of research and extension to define and implement alternatives to methyl bromide.26 (4}: 573-586, 1984. Supplement of the Journal of Nematology.

[18] R.O.Ogbuji, Effects of farm yard Manure on root-knot nematode population, on carrots.82:25-106, 1981. Der tropen lanwirt Zeltschrft Fuer Land wirschaft in der Tropen

[19] A.O.Ogunfowora, Reaction of some tomato cultivars to root-knot nematode. 3:3740, 1977. Nigeria Journal of Plant Protection.

[20] A.O.Ogunfowora, Root-knot Nematodes on cowpea and some selected Vegetable crops.1981. In Proc. Of the 3rd Res plan conf. on root-knot nematodes. Nov. 16-20 Ibadan Nigeria.

[21] S.S.Okatachi, An Appraisal of mocap and other selected nematicides for the control of Meloidogyne spp in Tomatoes under irrigation.1989. M. Sc. Thesis Department of Crop protection, A.B.U. Zaria, Nigeria.

[22] A.K.Onifade and O.A.Egunjobi, Suppression of Meliodogyne incognita with water hyacinth and water lettuce in Nigeria. 4:96-100, 1994. African-Asian Journal of Nematology.

[23] P.Osorio,(2001). LEISA, 2001.Magazine on Low External Input and Sustainable Agriculture Dec. 2001 Vol. 17 No4.

[24] D.Pimental and J.H.Porking, Pest Control; cultivars and Environmental aspect. AS Selected Synposium 43, Boulder west View Press in Biological control by natural enemies Debach P. and Rosen D. Pp 4, 1980. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

[25] P.P.Reddy, M.S.Rao and Nagesh, Management of citrus nematode,Tylenchulus Semipenetrans by integration of Trichoderma harzianum with oil cakes.24:265- 267,1996. Nematology Mediterranea.

[26] J.R.Rich and G.S.Rahi. Suppression of Meloidogyne javanica and M. incognita on tomato with ground seed of castor, crotalaria juncea hairy indigo and wheat.25:159-164, 1995. Nematropica.

[27] M.O.Rotimi and M.Moens, Potentials of Botanicals as alternative to synthetic nematicides21:36-37, 2001.Nigeria Society for Plant Protection. Book of Abstract.

[28] E.A.Salako. Plant protection for the resource poor farmers. A Key note address at Nigeria society for plant protection 30th annual conference. University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, September 1st -4th, 2002.

[29] R.Sharma and P.C. Trivedi. Effects of root extract of some plants on larval hatching of Meloidogyne incognita. 3:31-34, 1992. Current Nematology.

[30] R.D.Sharma and D.D.G.Scolari. Efficiency of green manure and crop rotation in the control of nematodes under savannah conditions. 8:193-212, 1984. Nematologia Brasilaria.

[31] A.L.Taylor and J.N.Sasser. Biology identification and control of Root-knot Nematodes (Meloidogyne species): International Meloidogyne Project, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, N.C.1978.

[32] P.M.Wachira, J.W. Kimenju, S.A.Okoh and R.K.Mibey. Stimulation of Nematode Destroying funji by organic Amendment Applied in management of plant parasitic Nematode, 8: 153-159, 2009. Asian Journal of Plant Science.

[33] V.M.Williamson,V.M. Root-knot nematode resistance genes in tomato and their potential for future use.36: 277-293,1998. Annual Review Phytopathology.

[34] L.Wilson. Distribution and characterization of Northern Nigeria Root-knot Nematodes. M.Sc Thesis Faculty of Agric., A.B.U. Zaria, Nigeria.1962.

[35] D.L.Wonang and C.O.Akueshi. Evaluation of the resistance status of twelve different tomato cultivars to Meloidogyne javanica in Jos.(1):38-44,1996.West African Journal Biological Sciences.

[36] D.L.Wonang and C.O.Akueshi. Penetration and development of Meloidogyne incognita and Meloidogyne javanica in twelve different tomato cultivators in Jos, Nigeria. 2(1):113-116, 1997.African Journal of Natural Science.

[37] D.L.Wonang. and R.Frank-Oputu. Incidence of root-knot nematodes in some major tomato field in Jos, Plateau State. 6th annual conference of Botanical Society of Nigeria march 29-April, Nigeria.1992.

[38] M.Yudelman, A.Ratta and D.Nygaard. Pest management and food production: Looking to the future, food Agriculture and the Environment. Discussion paper 25, International Food policy Research Institute, USA.p.50.1998.