IJSTR

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

IJSTR@Facebook IJSTR@Twitter IJSTR@Linkedin
Home About Us Scope Editorial Board Blog/Latest News Contact Us
CALL FOR PAPERS
AUTHORS
DOWNLOADS
CONTACT
QR CODE
IJSTR-QR Code

IJSTR >> Volume 6 - Issue 10, October 2017 Edition



International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616



Efficacy Of Beauveria Bassiana Against Helopeltis Sp. On Cacao (Theobroma Cacao)

[Full Text]

 

AUTHOR(S)

Dyah Rini Indriyanti, Siti Nur Faizah, Muji Slamet

 

KEYWORDS

Beauveria bassiana , Biologica control, Cacao (Theobroma cacao), Helopeltis sp.

 

ABSTRACT

Cacao (Theobroma cacao) is the top five major plantation commodities in Indonesia. Cocoa fruits in Temanggung, Central Java Province were attacked by fruit sucking insect, Helopeltis sp. Helopeltis sp is also known as a major pest in plantation crops in Indonesia. This study aimed to analyzed the mortality of Helopeltis sp. after the application of parasitic fungi Beauveria bassiana in certain doses. B. bassiana used was in form of kaolin powder produced by Plantation Corps Protection Center (BPTBUN) of Salatiga. This study used four doses of treatment : 0 gL-1, 100 gL-1, 150 gL-1, and 200 gL-1. B. bassiana used had a spore density of 4.2 x 108 spores/g with viability of 67.2%. Results of the study showed that B. bassiana could infect and kill Helopeltis sp. The optimum dose to control the population of Helopeltis sp. is 150 gL-1. Spraying was conducted two days in a row, then followed by 1 week interval. This study took more than four weeks to completely kill the test insects. The results are useful for the recommendations of biological control agent of Helopeltis sp pest in the field.

 

REFERENCES

[1] Srikumar, K.K., & Bhat, P.S. 2013. Biology and feeding behaviour of Helopeltis antonii (Hemiptera: Miridae) on Singapore cherry (Muntingia calabura) refuge host. Journal of Entomological Research, 37(1): 11-16.

[2] Karmawati, E & Siswanto. 2016. Efektivitas Minyak Jarak Pagar dan Jamur Beauveria Bassiana untuk Pengendalian Hama Helopeltis Spp Pada Kakao. Jurnal Littri 22(4): 189 196.

[3] Kresnawati, I., Budiani, A., Wahab A, & Darmono, T.W. 2010. Aplikasi biokaolin untuk perlindunganbuah kakao dari serangan PBK, Helopeltis spp. dan Phytophthora palmivora. Menara Perkebunan, 78(1): 25-31.

[4] Susi Melina, S., Martono, E., Trisyono, Y.A. 2016. Confirmation that Helopeltis species attacking cacao in Yogyakarta is Helopeltis bradyi Waterhouse, not Helopeltis antonii Signoret (Heteroptera: Miridae). Jurnal Entomologi Indonesia, 13(1), 9-20.

[5] BPTBUN. 2011. Petunjuk pembiakan dan penggunaan jamur Beauveria bassiana secara sederhana. Dinas Perkebunan Propinsi jawa Tengah. Balai Proteksi Tanaman Perkebunan.

[6] Goebel, N.L., Turk, K.A., Achilles, K.M., Paerl, R., Hewson, I. & Morrison, A.E. 2010. Abundance and distribution of major groups of diazotrophic cyanobacteria and their potential contribution to N2 fixation in the tropical Atlantic Ocean Environment Microbiology. 12: 32723289.

[7] Devi, U.K.., Padmavathi, J. Rao, U.M., Khan, C & Mohan, M.C. 2008. A study of host specificity in the entomopathogenic fungus Beauveria bassiana (Hypocreales, Clavicipitaceae). Biocontrol Science Technology, 18: 975989.

[8] Anggrawati, H. S. 2014. Upaya pengendalian hayati Helopeltis spp., Hama penting tanaman Acacia crassicarpa dengan cendawan Beauveria bassiana dan Lecanicillium lecanii. Tesis. Bogor: Entomologi Institut Pertanian Bogor.

[9] Gargita, Wayan, D., Sudiarta, I. P., Wirya, G.N.A.S. 2017. Pemanfaatan Patogen Serangga (Beauveria bassiana Bals.) untuk Mengendalikan Hama Penghisap Buah Kakao (Helopeltis spp.) di Desa Gadungan, Kecamatan Selemadeg Timur, Kabupaten Tabanan. Jurnal Agrotekologi Tropika. 8(1): 11-20.

[10] Directorate of Plantation Protection. 2014. Pedoman Uji Mutu dan Efikasi Lapangan Agens Pengendalian Hayati (APH). Direktorat Perlindungan Perkebunan, Kementrian Pertanian. 115 p.

[11] Hasyim, A & Aswana. 2003. Patogenitas isolat Beauveria bassiana dalam Mengendalikan Larva Spodoptera litura. J. Hort. 13(2): 120-130.

[12] Ligozzi, M., Maccacaro, L., Passilongo, M., Pedrotti, E., Marchini, G., Koncan, R.,Cornaglia,G., Centonze, A.R. and Lo Cascio, G.. 2013. Utility of molecular identification in opportunistic mycotic infections: a case of cutaneous Alternaria infectoria infection in a cardiac transplant recipient. Journal Clin Microbiol 42: 53345336.

[13] Pramesti, R.N., Himawan, T.& Rachmawati R.. 2014. Pengaruh Pengkayaan Media dan Suhu Penyimpanan Terhadap Kerapatan dan Viabilitas Konidia Jamur Patogen Serangga Beauveria Bassiana (Balsamo) Vuillemin (Hypocreales : Cordycipitaceae). Jurnal Hama Penyakit Tanaman, 2(3): 42-50.

[14] Lecuona R.E., Edelstein, J.D. Berretta, M.F. La Rossa, F.R. & Arcas, J.A. 2001. Evaluation of Beauveria Bassiana (Hyphomycetes) strains as potential agents for control of Triatoma infestans (Hemiptera: Reduviidae). Journal Med Entomol, 38: 172179.

[15] Navik O.S., Godase, S.K. Turkhade, P.D. & Narangalkar, A.L. 2015. Evaluations of entomopathogenic fungi and botanicals against tea mosquito bug Helopeltis antonii Signoret. Current Advances in Agricultural Sciences, 7(2): 203-204.

[16] Ulin G., Reitz, S.R. Wang, J., Tamez-Guerra, P., Wang, E., Xu, X. & Lei, Z.. 2012. Potential use of the fungus Beauveria bassiana against the western flower thrips Frankliniella occidentalis without reducing the effectiveness of its natural predator Orius sauteri (Hemiptera: Anthocoridae), Biocontrol Science and Technology, 22(7): 803-812.

[17] Hasyim, A., Nuraida & Trizelia. 2009. Patogenisitas Jamur Entomopatogen terhadap stadia telur dan larva hama kubis Crocidolomia pavonana Fabricius. J. Hort 19(3): 334-343.

[18] Sianturi, N.B., Pangestiningsih, Y.& Lubis, L.. 2014. Uji Efektifitas Jamur Entomopatogen Beauveria bassiana (Bals.) dan Metarrhizium anisopliae (Metch) terhadap Chilo sacchariphagus Boj. (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) di Laboratorium. Jurnal Online Agroekoteknologi, 2(4): 1607-1613.

[19] Sun M., Ren, Q., Guan, G., Li, Y., Chao-Ma, X.H., Yin, H.,& Luo, J.. 2013. Effectiveness of Beauveria bassiana sensu lato strains for biological control against Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus (Acari: Ixodidae) in China, Parasitology International, 62(5):412-415.

[20] Amalin, D.M., Averion, L., Bihis, D., Legaspi, J.C. & David, E.F. 2015. Effectiveness of kaolin clay particle film in managing Helopeltis collaris (Hemiptera: Miridae), a major pest of cacao in The Philippines. Florida Entomologist, 98(1):354-355.