International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Home About Us Scope Editorial Board Blog/Latest News Contact Us
10th percentile
Powered by  Scopus
Scopus coverage:
Nov 2018 to May 2020


IJSTR >> Volume 8 - Issue 8, August 2019 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

The Reorientation Of Criminal Justice System To Give Protection To Crime Victims

[Full Text]



Achmad Irwan Hamzani, Nur Rohim Yunus, Mukhidin, Havis Aravik, Siswanto



Reorientation; Criminal Justice; System Protection Victim.



The tendency of current criminal justice is that it favours more criminals. Meanwhile, crime victims receive less attention. As a result, the objective of sentencing is rendered ineffective. This study aims at 1) Describing the development of thoughts on the criminal justice system, 2) Formulating the idea of a criminal justice system which would give more attention and protection to the crime victims, and 3) Making an argumentation that a change in the orientation of a criminal justice system to the crime victims is a necessity. This research uses a normative approach. The research data used here are the secondary ones in the form of literature. The analysis uses induction-interpretation-conceptualization flow of thought. The results show that the tendency of the current criminal justice system is focused only on criminals. As the aggrieved party, the crime victims are forgotten instead. Such a sentencing system can never satisfy the victims, especially when the crime renders the victims at a personal disadvantage. The crime victims or their heirs deserve the rights to decide what sentence should be given to the criminals which can give benefits for the victims or their family such as indemnities. The idea of changing the orientation of criminal justice for crime victims, in essence, is to give law attention and protection to the victims. This is both realistic and rational. The objective is to actualize justice and expediency in law.



[1] “R. Cryer, An Introduction to International Criminal Law and Procedure, New York: Cambridge University Press, 2010.”
[2] “G. Andreopoulos, International Criminal Justice : Critical Perspectives and New Challenges, New York: Springer, 2011.”
[3] “M. Kholiq, Kontribusi Hukum Pidana Islam dalam Pembaharuan Hukum Pidana di Indonesia, Semarang: Program Magister Ilmu Hukum Universitas Diponegoro, 2001.”
[4] “D. Hasibuan, ‘Disparitas Pemidanaan Terhadap Pelaku Tindak Pidana Narkotika,’ USU Law, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 87-100, 2015.”
[5] “M. Tonry, Sentencing Matters, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996.”
[6] “A. Ashworth, Sentencing & Criminal Justice (Fourt Edition), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005.”
[7] “V. Bammelen, Hukum Pidana I (Criminal Law I), Bandung: Bina Cipta, 1997.”
[8] “T. Prasetyo, Hukum Pidana, Jakarta: Raja Grafindo Persada, 2012.”
[9] “N. Fathullah, ‘Perbandingan Teori-Teori Pemidanaan: Hukum Barat Versus Hukum Islam,’ Dialektika Hukum, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 75-77, 2013.”
[10] “Usman, ‘Analisis Perkembangan Teori Hukum Pidana,’ Jurnal Ilmu Hukum, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 62-78, 2015.”
[11] “S. Candra, ‘Pembaharuan Hukum Pidana, Konsep Pertanggungjawaban Pidana dalam Hukum Pidana Nasional yang akan datang (Criminal Law Reform: The Concept of Criminal Liability in Future National Criminal Law),’ Jurnal Cita Hukum, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 39-56, 201.”
[12] “R. Atmasasmita, Reformasi Hukum, Hak Asasi Manusia dan Penegakan Hukum (Law Reform, Human Rights and Law Enforcement), Bandung: Bandar Maju, 2001.”