IJSTR

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Home About Us Scope Editorial Board Blog/Latest News Contact Us
0.2
2019CiteScore
 
10th percentile
Powered by  Scopus
Scopus coverage:
Nov 2018 to May 2020

CALL FOR PAPERS
AUTHORS
DOWNLOADS
CONTACT

IJSTR >> Volume 8 - Issue 8, August 2019 Edition



International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616



Competitiveness In Higher Education: An Empirical Study In Indonesia

[Full Text]

 

AUTHOR(S)

Hendry Hartono, Satryo Soemantri Brodjonegoro, Engkos Achmad Kuncoro, Dyah Budiastuti

 

KEYWORDS

transformational leadership, knowledge management, entrepreneurship, innovative behavior, performance, competitiveness.

 

ABSTRACT

The influence of globalization affects all business organizations as well as non-businesses. Moreover, Higher Education Institution (HEI) is required to consistently produce new knowledge, products, or technology, so utilization of the resources as a key factor of higher education success is a necessity. The purpose of this study is to examine the key factors of HEI competitiveness. This study argues that organizational learning with the right transformational leadership and application of knowledge management along with the ability of the organization to act entrepreneurially and to behave innovatively to achieving high performance and competitiveness. This research is descriptive and verificative with explanatory survey method at accredited private HEI in DKI Jakarta. Data collection was done through documentation study, interview and questionnaire distribution. The analysis tool used is Structural Equation Modeling - Partial Least Square (SEM-PLS) with WarpPLS version 5.0 software. The results showed that HEIs could be diagnosed, understood and changed to enhance competitiveness. This study provides evidence to guide strategy development, priority, setting and planning, especially how to develop entrepreneurship culture and enhance innovative behavior with transformational and knowledge management roles. Creating appropriate transformational leadership culture and knowledge management support organization as a learning organization to change, improve and growth.

 

REFERENCES

[1] G. Kruss, S. McGrath, I. Petersen, and M. Gastrow, “Higher education and economic development: The importance of building technological capabilities,” Int. J. Educ. Dev., vol. 43, pp. 22–31, 2015.
[2] S. Marginson and M. Van der Wende, “Globalisation and Higher Education. OECD Education Working Papers, No. 8.,” OECD Publ., 2007.
[3] B. Ischinger, Higher Educational to 2030, 1st ed., vol. 2. Center for Educational Research and Innovation - OECD, 2009.
[4] R. P. O’Shea, T. J. Allen, A. Chevalier, and F. Roche, “Entrepreneurial orientation, technology transfer and spinoff performance of U.S. universities,” Res. Policy, vol. 34, no. 7, pp. 994–1009, 2005.
[5] J. W. Meyer, F. O. Ramirez, D. J. Frank, and E. Schofer, “Higher Education as an Institution,” in Sociology of Higher Education: Contributions and their Contexts, 2007, pp. 187–221.
[6] G. Bolton and C. Lucas, “What are universities for?,” pp. 1–4, 2008.
[7] A. Watkins and A. Verma, “Higher Education Competitiveness, and Innovation Capability, in South and East Asia ,” Sci. Technol. Innov., vol. 1, no. 1, p. 31, 2007.
[8] P. Coyle, A. Gibb, and G. Haskins, “The Entrepreneurial University: from concept to action,” Natl. Cent. Entrep. Educ. (, vol. 1, no. 1, 2013.
[9] P. Coyle, “The Balance of Autonomy and Accountability in London Guildhall University’s Quality-Management System,” Qual. High. Educ., vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 199–205, Aug. 2003.
[10] L. Marr, “Managing successful universities,” London Rev. Educ., vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 356–358, 2011.
[11] Z. A. L. Pihie, A. Sadeghi, and H. Elias, “Analysis of Head of Departments Leadership Styles: Implication for Improving Research University Management Practices,” Procedia - Soc. Behav. Sci., vol. 29, pp. 1081–1090, 2011.
[12] B. Avolio and F. Keng-Highberger, “How Follower Attributes Affect Ratings of Ethical and Transformational Leadership,” Acad. Manag., vol. 2016, no. 1, p. 16854, 2016.
[13] B. Bass, B. Avolio, and D. Jung, “Predicting unit performance by assessing transformational and transactional leadership.,” J. Appl., 2003.
[14] L. Leisyte, J. Enders, and H. De Boer, “The balance between teaching and research in Dutch and English universities in the context of university governance reforms,” High. Educ., 2009.
[15] B. M. Bass and B. J. Avolio, “Developing Transformational Leadership: 1992 and Beyond,” J. Eur. Ind. Train., vol. 14, no. 5, p. 03090599010135122, May 1990.
[16] J. Seltzer and B. M. Bass, “Transformational Leadership: Beyond Initiation and Consideration,” J. Manage., vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 693–703, Dec. 1990.
[17] J. Howell and B. Avolio, “Transformational leadership, transactional leadership, locus of control, and support for innovation: Key predictors of consolidated-business-unit performance.,” J. Appl. Psychol., 1993.
[18] M. Ghasabeh, C. Soosay, and C. Reaiche, “The emerging role of transformational leadership,” J. Dev. Areas, 2015.
[19] S. Kim and G. Yoon, “An Innovation-Driven Culture in Local Government: Do Senior Manager’s Transformational Leadership and the Climate for Creativity Matter?,” Public Pers. Manage., 2015.
[20] J. Tracey, “Transformational leaders in the hospitality industry,” Cornell Hotel Restaur. Adm. Q., vol. 35, no. 2, pp. 18–24, 2002.
[21] S. Devi Ramachandran, S. Choy Chong, and H. Ismail, “The practice of knowledge management processes,” VINE, vol. 39, no. 3, pp. 203–222, 2009.
[22] S. Simola, J. Barling, and N. Turner, “Transformational leadership and leaders’ mode of care reasoning,” J. Bus. Ethics, 2012.
[23] A. Kinicki and R. Kreitner, Organizational behavior: Key concepts, skills & best practices. 2003.
[24] G. Yukl, “An evaluation of conceptual weaknesses in transformational and charismatic leadership theories,” Leadersh. Q., 1999.
[25] R. Mahsud, G. Yukl, and G. Prussia, “Leader empathy, ethical leadership, and relations-oriented behaviors as antecedents of leader-member exchange quality,” J. Manag., 2010.
[26] G. Peter and S. James, “China: Transformational Leadership for Policy and Product Innovation,” Adv. Manag. Vol, vol. 6, no. 5, pp. 3–10, 2013.
[27] L. Widayana, “Knowledge Management: Meningkatkan daya saing bisnis,” Jawa Timur Bayumedia Publ., 2005.
[28] K. Laudon and J. Laudon, Management information system 7th edition, 7th ed. New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 2002.
[29] I. Kusuma, “Pengaruh Knowledge Management Dan Organizational Learning terhadap Organizational Effectiveness (Studi pada PT Surya Madistrindo Malang),” J. Apl. Manaj., 2013.
[30] K. North and G. Kumta, Knowledge Management: Value Creation Through Organizational Learning, 1st ed. London: Springer International Publishing, 2014.
[31] J. Honeycutt, Knowledge Management Strategies: Mapping Your Organization’s Success in Today’s Competitive Marketplace. 2000.
[32] B. R. Barringer and A. C. Bluedron, “The relationship between corporate entrepreneurship and strategic management,” Strateg. Manag. J., vol. 20, no. 5, pp. 421–444, 1999.
[33] R. Ireland, “A Model of Strategic Entrepreneurship: The Construct and its Dimensions,” J. Manage., vol. 29, no. 6, pp. 963–989, 2003.
[34] R. Gross, “The Impact of Leadership Styles on Employee Entrepreneurial Orientation and Innovative Behavior: A Comparative Analysis of American and Indian Immigrant Entrepreneurs,” Regent University, 2016.
[35] B. Afsar, Y. F. Badir, and B. Bin Saeed, “Transformational leadership and innovative work behavior,” Ind. Manag. Data Syst., vol. 114, no. 8, pp. 1270–1300, Sep. 2014.
[36] C.-W. Yang, N. I. Robbins, A. Antelo, J. E. Beauford, and N. A. Zanca, “The effect of leadership and entrepreneurial orientation of small and medium enterprises on business performance in Taiwan,” University of the Incarnate Word, 2006.
[37] J. Tidd, J. Bessant, and K. Pavitt, Managing innovation: integrating technological, market and organizational change. 1997.
[38] B. Lawson and D. Samson, “Developing Innovation Capability in Organizations a Dynamic Capabilities Approach,” Int. J. od Innov. Manag., vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 377–400, 2001.
[39] E. Manzini and C. Vezzoli, “A strategic design approach to develop sustainable product service systems: examples taken from the ‘environmentally friendly innovation’’,’” J. Clean. Prod., vol. 11, pp. 851–857, 2003.
[40] J. P. J. de Jong and D. N. Den Hartog, “How leaders influence employees’ innovative behaviour,” Eur. J. Innov. Manag., vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 41–64, Jan. 2007.
[41] S. G. Scott and R. A. Bruce, “DETERMINANTS OF INNOVATIVE BEHAVIOR: A PATH MODEL OF INDIVIDUAL INNOVATION IN THE WORKPLACE,” Acad. Manag. J., vol. 37, no. 3, pp. 580–607, 1994.
[42] S. Al-husseini and I. Elbeltagi, “Evaluating the effect of transformational leadership on knowledge sharing using structural equation modelling: the case of Iraqi higher education,” Int. J. Leadersh., vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 1–12, 2016.
[43] B. Y. Obeidat, M. M. Al-Suradi, R. Masa’deh, and A. Tarhini, “The impact of knowledge management on innovation,” Manag. Res. Rev., vol. 39, no. 10, pp. 1214–1238, 2016.
[44] M. R. Ab Hamid, Z. Mustafa, N. R. M. Suradi, F. Idris, and M. Abdullah, “Value-based performance excellence measurement for higher education institution: Instrument validation,” Qual. Quant., vol. 47, no. 6, pp. 3019–3030, 2013.
[45] T. Wheelen and J. Hunger, “Concepts in strategic management and business policy,” 2011.
[46] S. A. Zahra and C. D. Hansen, “Privatization, Entrepreneurship, and Global Competitiveness in the 21[supst] Century.,” Compet. Rev., 2000.
[47] F. F. Al-Hosaini and S. Sofian, “A Review of Balanced Scorecard Framework in Higher Education Institution (HEIs),” Int. Rev. Manag. Mark., vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 26–35, 2015.
[48] S. Chen, C. Yang, and J. Shiau, “The application of balanced scorecard in the performance evaluation of higher education,” TQM Mag., 2006.
[49] M. Hladchenko, “Balanced Scorecard - a strategic management system of the higher education institution,” Int. J. Educ. Manag., vol. 29, no. 2, pp. 167–176, 2015.
[50] A. Krishnan, K. M. Chan, J. C. M. Jayaprakash, J. M. Shaikh, and A. H. B. M. Isa, “Measurement of performance at institutions of higher learning: the balanced score card approach,” Int. J. Manag. Financ. Account., vol. 1, no. 2, p. 199, 2008.
[51] V. Umashankar and K. Dutta, “Balanced scorecards in managing higher education institutions: an Indian perspective,” J. Educ. Manag., 2007.
[52] E. Halim, Y. Kurniawan, and H. Hartono, “Business intelligence modeling for increasing company value and competitive advantage in franchise restaurant business in Indonesia,” in WIT Transactions on Information and Communication Technologies, 2014, vol. 53, pp. 35–42.
[53] R. C. Masanell, “Competitiveness: business model reconfiguration for innovation and internationalization,” Manag. Res. J. Iberoam. Acad. Manag., vol. 8, no. 2, p. 27, 2010.
[54] C. Dahlman, “TEchnology, globalization, and international competitiveness: Challenges for developing countries,” Ind. Dev., vol. 1, no. 1, p. 55, 2011.
[55] N. Arslan, H. Tathdil, and H. Tatlıdil, “Defining and Measuring Competitiveness: A Comparative Analysis of Turkey With 11 Potential Rivals,” Int. J. Basic Appl. Sci., vol. 12, no. 2, p. 13, 2012.
[56] G. Gunday, G. Ulusoy, K. Kilic, and L. Alpkan, “Effects of innovation types on firm performance Gurhan,” Intern. J. Prod. Econ., vol. 133, no. 2, pp. 662–676, 2011.
[57] L. Altinay and C. L. Wang, “The influence of an entrepreneur’s socio-cultural characteristics on the entrepreneurial orientation of small firms,” J. Small Bus. Enterp. Dev., vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 673–694, 2011.
[58] C. L. Wang, “Entrepreneurial Orientation, Learning Orientation, and Firm Performance,” Entrep. Theory Pract., vol. 32, no. 4, p. 26, 2008.
[59] L. Hunter and J. Lean, “Investigating the role of entrepreneurial leadership and social capital in SME competitiveness in the food and drink industry,” Int. J. Entrep. Innov., vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 179–190, 2014.
[60] A. Ambastha and K. Momaya, “Competitiveness of Firms: Review of Theory, Framework, and Model,” Singapore Manag. Rev., vol. 26, no. 1, p. 17, 2012.
[61] N. K. Gandotra, “Imperatives and Challenges of Organisational Competitiveness in The Competition Regime,” Sri Krishna Int. Res. Educ. Consort., vol. 1, no. 1, p. 57, 2010.
[62] J. F. Hair Jr, M. Sarstedt, L. Hopkins, and V. G. Kuppelwieser, “Partial least squares structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM),” Eur. Bus. Rev., vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 106–121, 2014.
[63] J. Hair, W. Black, B. Babin, R. Anderson, and R. Tatham, Multivariate data analysis. 1998.
[64] J. . Hair, W. D. Black, B. B. J., and R. E. Anderson, Multivariate data analysis. 2009.
[65] N. Kock, “WarpPLS 5.0 User Manual,” in WarpPLS 5.0, Laredo, Texas: ScriptWarp System, 2015.
[66] U. Schmitt and B. Butchart, “Making Personal Knowledge Management Part and Parcel of Higher Education Programs and Services Portfolios.,” J. World Univ., vol. 6, no. 4, 2014.
[67] M. W. Staniewski, “The contribution of business experience and knowledge to successful entrepreneurship,” J. Bus. Res., vol. 69, no. 11, pp. 5147–5152, 2016.
[68] S. B. Choi, K. Kim, S. M. E. Ullah, and S.-W. Kang, “How transformational leadership facilitates innovative behavior of Korean workers: examing mediating and moderating processes,” Pers. Rev., vol. 45, no. 3, 2016.
[69] A. Noruzy, V. M. Dalfard, B. Azhdari, S. Nazari-Shirkouhi, and A. Rezazadeh, “Relations between transformational leadership, organizational learning, knowledge management, organizational innovation, and organizational performance: an empirical investigation of manufacturing firms,” Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol., vol. 64, no. 5–8, pp. 1073–1085, Feb. 2013.
[70] G. T. M. Hult, C. C. Snow, and D. Kandemir, “The Role of Entrepreneurship in Building Cultural Competitiveness in Different Organizational Types,” J. Manage., vol. 29, no. 3, pp. 401–426, Jun. 2003.
[71] G. T. M. Hult, R. F. Hurley, and G. A. Knight, “Innovativeness: Its antecedents and impact on business performance,” Ind. Mark. Manag., vol. 33, no. 5, pp. 429–438, 2004.
[72] C. Lee, R. Hallak, and S. R. Sardeshmukh, “Innovation, entrepreneurship, and restaurant performance: A higher-order structural model,” Tour. Manag., vol. 53, no. 1, pp. 215–228, 2016.