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IJSTR >> Volume 8 - Issue 8, August 2019 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Assessment Of Key Kharif Season Maize Production Constraints In East Champaran District, India

[Full Text]



Hillary M. O. Otieno



Conservation agriculture, drought impact, Kharif maize production, maize stalk borer, soil infertility, weed infestation.



This research aimed at assessing the current situation and challenges affecting the production of Kharif maize in East Champaran District. The research utilized focus group discussions and thorough literature review in assessing the production conditions and drawing recommendations. From the research, Kharif maize production is challenged by poor weed management that leaves the crop vulnerable to competitions for growth factors. Increasing drought frequencies and intensities were also noted to affect production. Waterlogging, due to relatively flat topography, was found to cause 60-80% maize yield loss when it occurs during critical growth periods. Pre-planting application, 1-2 weeks before planting, of readily soluble fertilizers such as DAP, urea, and MOP exposed the nutrients to early leaching before plants could establish proper roots. The losses were found to be aggravated by the broadcasting method of fertilizer application commonly practiced by the farmers in the region. Incidences of stalk borers were reported and could cause up to 95% of field yield loss if not controlled. Grain borer infestations at the stores could cause 10-25% of grain loss. High incidences of aflatoxin infection were also recorded. These challenges could be managed through prioritized research on key areas like drought, fertilizer use, pests and aflatoxin management) and improved agricultural extension services that offer training and dissemination of already available technologies and agronomic practices.



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