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IJSTR >> Volume 8 - Issue 8, August 2019 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Comparative Study Of Synthetic And Herbal Cosmetic Products For Their Toxicity Assessment By Microbial Bioassays

[Full Text]



Maithili Agarwal, Anuradha Singh, Nupur Mathur, Sakshi Sharma



Cosmetics, Eukaryote, Herbal products, Microbial bioassays, Prokaryote, Synthetic chemicals, Toxicity.



The main components in personal care and beauty products can be natural or artificial, but their effects on consumer’s health is mainly determined by the chemical compounds present in them. The chemical components of these cosmetics build up toxins in our body over a long period of use which results in adverse effects and long term severe systemic illness. This reason has driven us to design a satisfactory toxicological study for evaluating potential toxicity caused by these products. The purpose of the present study is to screen cosmetic products formulated with synthetic chemicals and products formulated with herbal extracts for their toxic effects using short-term microbial bioassays and compare them with each other. The study has been done by using one prokaryotic (Pseudomonas fluorescens growth inhibition assay) and one eukaryotic (Saccharomyces cerevisiae respiration inhibition assay) bioassay. Synthetic cosmetics products have shown comparatively higher toxicity than the herbal ones in both the bioassays. Through this study, an effort has been made to enlighten consumers and scientific community about the grave consequences on health by excessive use of cosmetics and personal care products. The study also enlightens us towards the selection of the products. The samples found to be toxic based on the baseline data obtained by these assays can further be taken for specific and more advanced assessment procedures.



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