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IJSTR >> Volume 8 - Issue 8, August 2019 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Schemata's Influence On Mathematical Problem Solving Skills

[Full Text]



Wahyudi, S.B. Waluya, Hardi Suyitno,Isnarto



schemata, mathematical problems, mathematical problem solving skills



Schemata is one of the factors that influence a person's ability to solve problems creatively. Schemata in one's memory will determine how new information is processed into a new concept. This study aims to describe schemata's influence on solving mathematical problems. This research is categorized as qualitative research. Data of thinking schemata and solving mathematical processes are collected by the method of think out a loud and task analysis, namely by giving test questions and conducting interviews according to student responses and viewed from mathematical problem solving skills. The data are analyzed using Miles and Huberman’s analysis techniques, through the three stages of reduction, presentation, and conclusion. The results showed that students’ schemata varied according to their mathematical problem solving skills. Students with complete and systematic schemata (formal, content, and linguistic) structures had high mathematical problem solving skills. The process of problem solving was arranged in coherent and systematic ways with diverse answers. This happened because the adaptation process (assimilation and accommodation) and the formation of a concept scheme run well, neatly and completely. New schemata were well formed and produced balanced new knowledge. This Schemata will facilitate students to connect among concepts so that problems could be solved properly.



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