International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Home About Us Scope Editorial Board Blog/Latest News Contact Us
10th percentile
Powered by  Scopus
Scopus coverage:
Nov 2018 to May 2020


IJSTR >> Volume 9 - Issue 8, August 2020 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Therapeutic Experiences Of Single Mothers Through Storytelling Therapy

[Full Text]



Zakaria Mohamad, Siti Salina Abdullah, Jasmi Abu Talib, Mazidah Mohd Dagang



Single mother, Therapeutic experience, Storytelling therapy, Mental health



This study aimed to understand the therapeutic experiences of single mothers through storytelling therapy in the district of Kuala Terengganu, Malaysia. Phenomenological qualitative approach was used as a method of data collection involving eight participants who were selected through purposive sampling techniques. A total of eight group counseling sessions was carried out using a modified narrative therapy module. During the session, three interviews were conducted to gather relevant research data in addition to observation and analysis of documents from the work of the study participants. NVivo software was used to analyze and generate verbatim theme. The findings showed that the use of narrative therapy successfully provided significant therapeutic experiences for single mothers to maintain their mental health. Three main themes were generated namely the direct impact, insight and emotional impact as the essence of the therapeutic experience. The implications of this study proved that narrative therapy is useful as a method in helping single mothers.



[1] Akbar Mohammadi, Roghayeh Sohrabib, Golnaz Adalatzadeh Aghdam (2013). Effect of narrative therapy on enhancing of couples intimacy. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences 84 (1770-1772).
[2] Brogdon N., L. (2011). The Use of Expressive Arts by Social Workers as an Intervension with Children. California: State University.
[3] Corey, G. (2003). Theory and practice of group counselling (6th ed.). Australia: Thompson Brooke Cole.
[4] Ekonomi Malaysia (PERKEM IV), Jilid 1, 324-336.
[5] Douge, J. (2010). Scrapbooking: An Application of Narrative Therapy. Social Behavioral Sciences (p. 684-687): ELSEVIER.
[6] Doyle, C.P (1997), A project submitted to the school of graduate studies in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of master education, Faculty of Education, Memorial University of Newfoundland. Parenting Through crisis: Group Counseling With Single Mothers.
[7] Glazer, H.R, & Marcum, D. (2003). Issues in child development: Expressing grief through storytelling. Journal of Humanistic Counseling Education and Development. Vol.42.
[8] Giorgi, A., & Giorgi, B. (2003). Phenomenology in Qualitative Psychology: A Practical Guide to Research Methods (pp. 25-50). London: UK. Sage.
[9] Hamidah Ab Rahman. (2008). Faktor Penyumbang kepada Masalah Keluarga Tunggal dan Penceraian: Kajian Kes di Johor Darul Takzim. Isu-isu Sosial. Selangor: Univision Press.
[10] Haney, H, & Leibsohn, J. (2001). Basic counselling responses in groups: A multimedia learning system for the helping professions. Australia: Thompson Brooke Cole.
[11] Heather, L. S. & Jeremy, N. (2010). The connection between art, healing, and public health: A review of current literature. American Journal of Public Health, 100, 2: 254-263.
[12] Hedberg, N.L., & Westby, C.E. (1993). Analyzing storytelling skills: Theory to practice. Tucson, AZ: Communication Skills Builders.
[13] Heo, H. (2006). Inquiry on storytelling from the web-based environmental learning environment. Association for Educational Communications and Technology. Retrieved Mac 20, 2015 from Ebsco Host Database.
[14] Hughes, E.G. (2010). Art Therapy as A Healing Tool for Sub-Fertile Women. Journal Med Hummanities. 31, 27-36.
[15] Kotwal, N., & Prabhakar, B. (2009). Problem Faced by Single Mothers. Journal of Social Science, 21(3), 197-204.
[16] Lincoln, Y. S., & Guba, E. G. (1985). Naturalistic inquiry. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
[17] Malchiodi, C. A. (2005). Expressive Art Therapies. New York, NY: Guilford Publications. p1-45.
[18] Mei-Wei Chen & Rybak, C.J. (2004). Group leadership skills: Interpersonal process in group counselling and therapy. London: Thompson Brooks Cole.
[19] McAdams, D.P. (1993). The stories we live by: Personal myths and the making of the self. New York: William Morrow and Company, Inc.
[20] Merriam, S. B. (2001). Qualitative research and case study application in education. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
[21] Merriam, S. B. (2009). Qualitative Research: A Giude to Design and Implementation. San Francisco: Jossey Bass.
[22] Miles, M. B., & Huberman, A. M. (1994). Qualitative data analysis (2nd ed.). London, UK: Sage.
[23] Natalie, R. (2007). Dalam John Sommers-Flanagan: The Development and Evolution of Person-Centered Expressive Art Therapy: A Conversation with Natalie Rogers. Journal of Counseling and Development. Vol 85 (1).
[24] Parisa Rahmani & Naeimeh Moheb (2010). The Effectiveness of Clay Therapy and Narrative
[25] Peden, A. R., Rayens, M, K., Hall, L. A. & Grant, E. (2005). Testing an Intervention to Reduce Negative Thinking, Depressive Symptoms and Chronic Stressors in Low- Income Single Mothers. Journal of Nursing Scholarship. 37: 3, 268-274.
Therapy An Anxiety of Pre-School Children: A Comparative Study. Social and Behavioral Sciences (p. 23-27): ELSEVIER.
Pearce, S.S. (1996). Flash of insight: Metaphor and narrative in therapy. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
[26] Rohayu Roddin, Noor Sharipah Sultan Sidi, Yusmar wati, Maziana & Abdul Rasid Abdul
[27] Razzaq. (2011). Poverty Alleviation Among Single Mother in Malaysia: Building Enterprenuership Capasity. International Journal of Business and Social Science. Vol. 2. No. 17.
[28] Roghayeh Hashemi & Kobra Darvishzadeh (2016), Effectiveness of group schema therapy in reducing the symptoms of major depression in a sample of women.Asian Social Science; Vol. 12, No 6.
[29] Russo, M. F., Vernam J., Wolbert A. (2006). Sandplay and Storytelling: Social Constructivism and Cognitive Development in Child Counseling. The Art in Psychotherapy (p.229-239): ELSEVIER.
[30] Sakaki T., Ji Y., & Ramirez Z.S., (2007). Clinical Application of Color Inkblots in Therapeutic Storytelling. The Art in Psychotherapy (p. 208-215).: ELSEVIER.
[31] Seidman, E. (1998). Interviewing as Qualitative Research. New York, NY: Columbia University Press.
[32] Synder, B.A. (1997). Expressive art therapy techniques: Healing the soul through creativity. Journal of Humanistic Education and Development, 36 (2) p.74-83.
[33] Unit Perancangan Ekonomi Negeri Terengganu, 2011). Statistik Ibu-ibu tunggal mengikut Dun dan Parlimen di setiap Daerah di Terengganu
[34] Wan Ibrahim Wan Ahmad & Zainab Ismail. (2010). Kualiti Hidup dan Harapan Masa Depan Ibu Tunggal Melayu Muslim di Pantai Timur Malaysia. Islamiyyat. 32 (173-202).
[35] Yalom, I. (1995). Theory and practice of group psychotherapy. New York: Basic Books.
[36] Terengganu Family Development Foundation (2009). Retrieved March 23, 2015, from http://www.ypkt.gov.my/rakyat/program/program-cakna-ibu-tunggal
[37] Zainab.I, Wan Ibrahim. W.I, Asyraf HAR (2014). Counselling Services in Muslim Communal Life in Malaysia. Middle - East Journal of Scientific Research. 20:11. 1445-1448.
[38] Zuraidah Abdul Rahman. (1999). Introduction to Group Counselling trans. (Pengenalan Kaunseling Kelompok). Selangor: Penerbit IBS Buku Sdn.Bhd.