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IJSTR >> Volume 9 - Issue 8, August 2020 Edition



International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616



Effects Of Magnetic Field And Citric Acid On Polymorph And Morphology Of Calcium Carbonate Crystallized In A Flow-Water Pipe

[Full Text]

 

AUTHOR(S)

S. Sutomo, W. Mangestiyono, S. Muryanto, J.Jamari, A.P. Bayuseno

 

KEYWORDS

Phase abundances; Magnetic field; Flow-water pipe; Calcium carbonate; Citric acid

 

ABSTRACT

In the study, the polymorporh and morphology of calcium carbonate scale generated in the flow-water pipe under the influence of the magnetic field with and without citric acid was investigated. Calcium carbonate was precipitated from the supersaturated solution containing 0.087 M Ca2+ and CO3-2. Moreover, citric acid (C6H8O7) (5 and 10 ppm) were added to the calcium solution, whilst varying temperatures (30, 40 and 50 OC) were selected. The experiments used a batch crystallizer equipped with a flow-water pipe at a rate of 30 ml/min and direct current in the solenoid generating a magnetic field of 2000 Gauss. Nucleation time was found to be faster than that for the experiments with the citric acid additive. Simply, the deposition rate was found decreasingly in the experiments without citric acid. Phase abundances in calcium carbonate corresponding to aragonite, calcite, and vaterite were confirmed by XRPD and FTIR. Additionally, a change in the calcite/aragonite/vaterite proportions could be linked up to the treatments by inducing magnetic field and citric acid additive. The morphology of the resulting scale consisted of rhombohedral calcite, a flower structure of vaterite and a dumbbell form of aragonite. These experiments provided the knowledge of prevention scaling methods in the wastewater treatment with magnetic systems.

 

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