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IJSTR >> Volume 9 - Issue 8, August 2020 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Work-Life Balance Model among Female Engineers: PLS-SEM Analysis

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Ummu Sakinah Subri, Ridzwan Che’ Rus, Ramlee Mustapha, and Zaliza Hanapi



work-life balance, female engineers, PLS-SEM, career, model, flexible career, childcare, leaves, family support.



In the process of learning and developing careers, women can’t avoid facing the challenge of achieving life balance and resistance before successfully mastering the skills to the highest level. In response to this issue, this study aims to build a work-life balance model that caters the demand for work-life balance among women in the century. The model comprises four independent constructs namely flexible career, childcare, leaves and family support. Meanwhile, the dependent construct of this study is work-life balance conflict faces by women. The scope of the study comprises female engineers with families and 211 respondents were selected to answer the questionnaire. The data obtained were analyzed using the PLS-SEM 2.0 software via the algorithm, bootstrapping and blindfolding method. The construction process of this model involves two tests including the construction of the measurement model and the structure model. Testing the measurement model involves internal consistency namely (a) convergent validity and (b) discriminant validity in which these two legitimates have six analyses; (i) external loading, (ii) composite reliability, (iii) average variance extracted (AVE), (iv) Fornell-Larcker, (v) cross loading and (vi) Heterotrait-Monotrait Ratio (HTMT). Meanwhile, the structural model testing involves the analysis of (i) Multicolinearity (Inner VIF), (ii) Path Coefficient (T), (iii) R square (R2), (iv) size effect (f2) and (v) Predictive Relevance (Q2). The results of this study indicate that the instrument of research has fulfilled the criteria for measurement and structural model requirement. The findings also indicate that flexible career and family support have significant relationships in influencing work-life balance conflict. Hence, this model is expected to contribute new knowledge to the literature in HRM.



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