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IJSTR >> Volume 9 - Issue 8, August 2020 Edition



International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616



Human Factors That Contribute To Maritime Accidents Involving Oil Tankers

[Full Text]

 

AUTHOR(S)

Dr. Capt. Mohammed Ismail Russtam Suhrab, Ahmad Faizal Ahmad Fuad, Mohd Hafizi Said, Dheva Rhueben Velaudam, Tamim Ahmed

 

KEYWORDS

Human Factor, Fatigue, Maritime Accident, Oil Tanker, SPSS, Maritime Industry, Safety

 

ABSTRACT

An oil tanker is a ship designed for the bulk transport of oil or its products. Even though many safety measures are being practiced on board, oil tankers are known to encounter the most risk of being involved in a disaster. Maritime accidents can be caused by various factors including perils of the sea, nature of cargo, and human error. However, the main factor that induces the present situation is the human factor. The purpose of this research was to identify the human factors that contribute to oil tanker accidents, to identify the most prominent root cause of human factors, and to propose a suggestion for minimizing the risk of human factors that lead to oil tanker accidents. For this purpose, the data was collected through a questionnaire that focused on the causes of human factors that contribute to oil tanker accidents. The questionnaire was distributed to the targeted respondents, who were experts of the maritime industry, captains, deck officers, and deck cadets sailing onboard an oil tanker; the collected data were analyzed by using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) to achieve the objective of this study. The result of the research was as expected, where occupational fatigue was identified as the most prominent root cause. With the result of this research, a suggestion can be proposed to minimize the risk of human factors resulting in oil tanker accidents, thus, the number of oil tanker accidents can be greatly reduced, and the aftermaths can be hindered.

 

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