IJSTR

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

IJSTR@Facebook IJSTR@Twitter IJSTR@Linkedin
Home About Us Scope Editorial Board Blog/Latest News Contact Us
CALL FOR PAPERS
AUTHORS
DOWNLOADS
CONTACT
QR CODE
IJSTR-QR Code

IJSTR >> Volume 1 - Issue 8, September 2012 Edition



International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616



A Study of Water Quality of Kaushalya River In The Submountaneous Shivalik Region

[Full Text]

 

AUTHOR(S)

Rhythm Aggarwal, Dr. Shakti Arora

 

KEYWORDS

Index Terms - bacteriological analysis, correlation , Kaushalya river, Parwanoo, physiochemical analysis, seasonal variation, spacial variation, water quality

 

ABSTRACT

Abstract - Water is a valued natural resource for the existence of all living organisms. Indian rivers are polluted due to the discharge of untreated sewage and industrial effluents. Management of the quality of this precious resource is, therefore, of special importance. In this study river water samples were collected and analysed for physicochemical and bacteriological evaluation of pollution of Kaushalya River in Parwanoo. The water quality was studied quarterly at two sites at upstream and downstream regions during 2011 in the months of January, April, July and October. Physico-chemical and microbiological analyzed. Also the correlation coefficients between parameters of river water samples were parameters of the samples were measured, moreover, possible sources of contamination were determined. Most of the parameters analysed for Kaushalya river were in acceptable range except COD, Alkalinity, Hardness, Total Coliform and Faecal Coliform which showed human, animal and agricultural activities as the main sources of pollution. Trace metal and pesticides levels were low suggesting low contamination of the river by industrial wastes and toxics. However due to presence of a water treatment plant in the village Kamli from where the water of Kaushalya river is supplied to different sectors of Parwanoo, the river is suitable for drinking, bathing, recreation, irrigation and industrial uses, etc. Thus the overall water quality of the study site remained within the safe limits throughout the study period. Though the river is safe, still some of the conservation and management plans are proposed to reduce the sewage and the agricultural impacts on the river.

 

REFERENCES

[1] Adelekan B. A., “Water quality of domestic wells in typical African communities: Case studies from Nigeria”, International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering, vol. 2, no.6, pp. 137-147, 2010

[2] Ansa- Asare O.D. and Asante K.A., “The water quality of Birim River in South- East Ghana”, West African Journal of Applied Ecology, vol. 1, pp. 23-33, 2000

[3] Chaurasia Kumar Nagendra and Tiwari Krishna Ram, “Effect of industrial effluents and wastes on physico-chemical parameters of river Rapti”, Advances in Applied Science Research, vol. 2, no. 5, pp. 207-211, 2011

[4] Dan’Azumi S. and Bichi M.H., “Industrial pollution and heavy metals profile of Challawa River in Kano, Nigeria”, Journal of Applied Sciences in Environmental Sanitation, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 23-29, 2010

[5] Govindarajalu K., “Industrial effluent and health status: A case study of Noyyal river basin”, Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Environment and Health, Chennai, India, pp. 150–157, 2003

[6] Islam Hafizul Mohammad, Rahman Mafizur Md.and Ashraf Ummul Fahmidah, “Assessment of water quality and impact of effluents from fertilizer factories to the Lakhya River”, International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering, vol. 2, no. 8, pp. 208-221, 2010

[7] Iqbal Furhan, Ali M., Salam Abdus, Khan B.A., Ahmad S., Qamar M. and Umer Kashif, “Seasonal Variations of Physico-Chemical Characteristics of River Soan Water at Dhoak Pathan Bridge (Chakwal), Pakistan”, International Journal of Agriculture & Biology, vol. 6, no.1, pp. 89-92, 2004

[8] Karikari, A.Y. and Ansa-Asare, O.D., “Physico-Chemical and Microbial Water Quality Assessment of Densu River of Ghana”, CSIR-Water Research Institute, 2004

[9] Kolawole M. Olatunji, Kolawole T. Ajayi, Olayemi B. Albert and Okoh I. Anthony, “Assessment of Water Quality in Asa River (Nigeria) and Its Indigenous Clarias gariepinus Fish”, International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, vol. 8, pp. 4332-4352, 2011

[10] Osibanjo Oladele , Daso P. Adegbenro and Gbadebo M. Adewole, “The impact of industries on surface water quality of River Ona and River Alaro in Oluyole Industrial Estate, Ibadan, Nigeria”, African Journal of Biotechnology, vol. 10, no. 4, pp 696-702, 2012

[11] Rai Arvind, Paul Biswajit, Mudra Lopa and Kishore Naval, “Studies of selected water quality parameters of River Ganges at Patna, Bihar”, Journal of advanced laboratory research in biology, vol. ii, pp. 162-168, 2011

[12] Rai Basant Y., Chineah V. and Neermul P., “Investigation of the water quality of Belle Eau Estuary at Albion”, Food and Agricultural Research Council, Réduit, Mauritius, pp. 143-149

[13] Rai Kumar Arvind, Paul Biswajit and Kishor Nawal, “A Study on the sewage disposal on water quality of Harmu River in Ranchi city Jharkhand, India”, International Journal of Plant, Animal and Environmental Sciences, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 102-106, 2012

[14] Raja P., Amarnath Muhinder A., Elangovan R. and Palanivel M., “Evaluation of physical and chemical parameters of river Kaveri, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, India”, Journal of Environmental Biology, vol. 29, no. 5, pp. 765-768, 2008

[15] Rajvanshi Priyanka, “Studies on seasonal variation of some physico-chemical parameters of River Dhamola at Distt. Saharanpur (U.P.)”, International Journal for Environmental Rehabilitation and Conservation, vol. I, no. 1, pp. 1-9, 2010

[16] Ravindra Khaiwal, Ameena, Meenakshi, Monica, Rani and Kaushik A., “Seasonal variations in physico-chemical characteristics of River Yamuna in Haryana and its ecological best-designated use”, 2000

[17] Semwa N. and Jangwan J.S., “Major ion chemistry of River Bhagirathi and River Kosi in the Uttarakhand Himalya”, Int. J. Chem. Sci., vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 607-616, 2009

[18] Sivakumar K.K, Dheenadayalan M.S, Balamurugan C., Kalaivani R, Ramakrishnan D. and Leena Hebsi bai L, “Environmental Water pollution: A Review of Physicochemical and Heavy metal Quality of Water and Soil”, Journal of Chemical, Biological and Physical Sciences, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 1079-1090, 2012

[19] Srivastava Anukool, Srivastava Shivani, “Assessment of Physico-Chemical properties and sewage pollution indicator bacteria in surface water of River Gomti in Uttar Pradesh”, International Journal of Environmental Sciences, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 325-336, 2011

[20] Sujitha P.C, Mitra Dev D, Sowmya P.K, Mini Priya R, “Physico Chemical parameters of Karamana River Water in Trivandrum District, Kerala, India”, International Journal of Environmental Sciences, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 472-490, 2011

[21] Usharani, K; Umarani , K; Ayyasamy, PM; Shanthi, K; Lakshmanaperumalsamy, P, “Physico-Chemical and Bacteriological Characteristics of Noyyal River and Ground Water Quality of Perur, India”, J. Appl. Sci. Environ. Manage., 1vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 29-35, 2010

[22] Verma K. Avnish, and Saksena D.N., “Assessment of Water quality and Pollution Status of Kalpi (Morar) River, Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh: with special reference to Conservation and Management plan”, Asian J. Exp. Biol. Sci., vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 419-429, 2010

[23] Wogu Daniel Macdonald , Okaka Ehighaukuo Christopher, “Pollution studies on Nigerian rivers: heavy metals in surface water of warri river, Delta State”, Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences, vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 7-12, 2011

[24] Zeb Saima Bibi, Malik Haider Amir, Waseem Amir and Mahmood Qaisar, “Water quality assessment of Siran river, Pakistan”, International Journal of the Physical Sciences, vol. 6, no. 34, pp. 7789–7798, 2011

Websites referred
www.apha.org
www.cpcb.nic.in
www.hppcb.nic.in
www.bis.org
www.wilipedia.org
www.who.int