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IJSTR >> Volume 2- Issue 9, September 2013 Edition



International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616



Assessment Of Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) Utilisation In Ghana - A Study At Tarkwa

[Full Text]

 

AUTHOR(S)

Eric Broni-Bediako, Ohenewaa Kakra Dankwa

 

KEYWORDS

Index Terms: biomass, Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG), oil, supply chain, wood fuel

 

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) is one of the most common and an alternative fuels used in the world today. In Ghana, Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) is increasingly gaining popularity as a preferred fuel for industrial, commercial and domestic purposes as a result of its efficiency, affordability and many more. This study aimed at assessing Liquefied Petroleum Gas utilisation in Ghana using Tarkwa as a test case. It adopted survey as its research design and complemented with literature review. The major instruments for data collection were questionnaires and personal interviews. The questionnaires were administered to 320 inhabitants of Tarkwa. Data collected were analysed using statistical methods. The study revealed the key players in the distribution of LPG in Ghana as Bulk Distributing Companies (BDCs), Oil Marketing Companies (OMCs), Liquefied Petroleum Gas Marketing Companies (LPGMCs), Bulk Oil Consumers (BOCs) and consumers. It also exposed the causes of sporadic shortages of LPG as mainly due to higher demand on the product and technical disruption such as pumping, berthing, storage and delivery constraints. Government should secure private sector participation to supplement the midstream refining sector to avoid further shortages which cause inconveniences to the consumers and others. Key players in the supply chain should be made aware of their responsibilities in order to take the needed initiatives that will result in positive impacts on the supply chain.

 

REFERENCES

[1]. Akabzaa, T. and Darimani, A. (2001), “Impact of Mining Sector Investment in Ghana: A Case Study of the Tarkwa Mining Region”, http://www.saprin.org/ghana/research. Accessed: January 25, 2013.

[2]. Anon (2004), “Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) - Substitution for Wood Fuel in Ghana - Opportunities and Challenges”, INFOLINK, United Nation Development Programme in Ghana, pp. 1 – 8.

[3]. Anon (2011), “LPG in Ghana: From Crisis to 50% Access: Issues and Options”, Presentation to the Stakeholder Committee, Energy Commission, pp. 1 - 26.

[4]. Anon (2012), “2010 Population and Housing Census”, Summary Report of Final Results, Ghana Statistical Service, Ghana, p. 90.

[5]. Anon (2013), “Liquefied Petroleum Gas”, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Liquefied_petroleum_gas. Accessed: January 15, 2013.

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[7]. Quaye-Foli, E. A. (2002), “Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) Promotion: The Ghana Experience, Presentation at UNDP/World Bank-Energy and Poverty Workshop, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, pp. 1 - 34.

[8]. Yin, R. K. (2008), Case Study Research: Design and Methods, Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks, California, 240 pp.

[9]. Wilson, N. and McLean, S. (1994), Questionnaire Design: A Practical Introduction, University of Ulster Press, Newtown Abbey, Co. Antrim, pp. 211 - 220.