IJSTR

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

IJSTR@Facebook IJSTR@Twitter IJSTR@Linkedin
Home About Us Scope Editorial Board Blog/Latest News Contact Us
CALL FOR PAPERS
AUTHORS
DOWNLOADS
CONTACT
QR CODE
IJSTR-QR Code

IJSTR >> Volume 2- Issue 9, September 2013 Edition



International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616



Underpinning Thinking About Education And Development Of UNESCO And World Bank: A Case Study Of Bangladesh

[Full Text]

 

AUTHOR(S)

Tanima Ferdous

 

KEYWORDS

Index Terms: Education, EFA, World Bank, UNESCO.

 

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Under the UN umbrella, the UNESCO and the World Bank are working for the education and development issues. They are working for the same targets but have unique working styles, with many similarities and differences. Through this paper, we tried to bring out all the hidden issues of multilateral organizations for the sake of development and educational improvement. This paper is fully based on secondary information from different books, articles, journals, reports and electrical sources and we consider in the context of Bangladesh as a case because both organizations have been working for a long time in Bangladesh and it is one of the rapidly-developing countries. It has a big primary education system due to its over population. Similarly, it tries to implement EFA program in the country. As we find that, to implement EFA in the country both the UNESCO and the World Bank are helping Bangladesh. More specifically, UNESCO is helping on the technical parts of education like- quality improvement, teacher training, policy making and other sections as per needs analysis. On the other hand, the World Bank is helping by donating money in some terms and conditions. Ultimately, due to financial strength, the World Bank is found to have a strong influence in development sector and therefore, in a way imposes policy to the developing nations. On the other hand, UNESCO seems to provide standard education system without any condition.

 

REFERENCES

[1] J Asian Development Bank (ADB), (2003). Report and recommendation of the President to the Board of directors on a proposed loan to the People's Republic of Bangladesh for the second primary education development program (Sector Loan). Retrieved from www.adb.org/Documents/RRPs/
BAN/rrp_ban_30216.pdf

[2] Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS). (2009). Report on Monitoring of Employment Survey Retrieved form 203.112.218.65/WebTestApplication/
userfiles/Image/Latest Statistics Release/employsurvey_09.pdf

[3] Carnoy, M. (1999). Globalization and Educational Reform: What planners need to Know. UNESCO-IIEP. Fundamentals of Educational planning. Retrieved from http://www.uned-illesbalears.net/esp/desarrollo2.pdf

[4] Crossley, M., & Watson, K. (2003). Comparative and International Research in Education: Globalization, Context and Difference. London: Routledge Falmer.

[5] Education Quality Accreditation Commission (EQAC), (2009). Retrieved from http://www.accreditation.info/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=46&Itemid=90

[6] Interim Fund Development Credit Agreement. Retrieved from http://www.
wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/SAR/2004/12/14/3327330CC7E1DF0F85256F03000ACE0B/1_0/Rendered/PDF/3327330CC7E1DF0F85256F03000ACE0B.pdf

[7] Jallade, L., Radi, M., & Cuenin, S.(2001) . UNESCO. Paris Retrieved from http://catedradh.unesco.unam.mx/BibliotecaV2/Documentos/Libros/NationalEducationPoliciesAndProgrammesAndInternationalCooperation.pdf

[8] Jones,P. W.(1999). Globalization and UNESCO mandate: Multilateral Prospects for educational Development, International Journal of Educational Development, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 17-25

[9] Jones,P. W. (2004). Taking the Credit: Financing and Policy Linkages in the Education Portfolio of the World Bank. In: Steiner-Khamsi, G. (Eds), The global politics of Educational Borrowing and Lending. New York and London: Teachers College, Columbia University.

[10] Jones, W.P., & Coleman, D. (2005). The United Nations and Education. Multilateralism, Development and Globalization, Oxon: Routledge Falmer.

[11] Lauder, J., Brown,P., Dillabough, J-A., & Halsey, A.H. (2006). Education, Globalization and Social Change. Oxford University Press.

[12] Samoff, J. (2007). Institutional International Influence. In:Arnove, R. F. & Torres, C. A. (Eds), Comparative Education. The Dialectic of the Global and the Local. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.

[13] Ministry of Education (MOE), Bangladesh. (2007-08) Retrieved from http://www.moedu.gov.bd

[14] Ministry of Primary and Mass Education (MOPME), Bangladesh. (2007-08). Retrieved from www.mopme.gov.bd

[15] Ministry of Primary and Mass Education (MOPME), Bangladesh (2003) Education for All: National Plan of Action II 2003 2015. Retrieved from http://planipolis.iiep.unesco.org/upload/Bangladesh/Bangladesh%20NPA%20EFA.pdf

[16] Mundy, K. (1999). Educational multilateralism in a changing world order: UNESCO and the limits of the possible. International Journal of Educational Development. Vol. 19. Is. 1. Pp. 27-52.

[17] Mundy, K. (2002). Retrospect and prospect: education in a reforming World Bank. International Journal of Educational Development. Retrieved from www.oise.utoronto.ca/oiserepo/download.php?oid=340

[18] Mundy, K. (2007). Education for All: Paradoxes and Prospects of a Global Promise. In: Baker, D.P. & Wiseman, A.W. (Eds) Education for All: Global promises, National challenges. Pp.1-26

[19] United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) (2011a) Retrieved from http://www.unesco.org

[20] UNESCO, (2011b). Dhaka Biennium Report 2008-2009 (DBR08-09). Retrieved from www.un-bd.org/pub/unpubs/.../Dhaka%20Report%202008-09.pdf

[21] United Nations (UN) 2011. Retrieved from http://www.un.org

[22] United Nations Non-Governmental Liaison Service (UN-NGLS), 2009. Retrieved from http://www.un-ngls.org

[23] World Bank (WB) 2011. Retrieved from http://www.worldbank.org/

[24] World Bank, (2006). Bangladesh Country Assistance Strategy (BCAS) 2006-2009, Retrieved from www.un-bd.org/UNDAF/Doc/CAS%20DP%20
presentation.pdf

[25] World Bank, (2010). Bangladesh Country Assistance Strategy (BCAS) 2010-2014. Retrieved from http://www.un-bd.org/UNDAF/Doc/CAS%20DP%
20presentation.pdf

[26] World Bank, (2008). Education for ALL in BANGLADESH Where Does Bangladesh Stand in Achieving the EFA Goals by 2015? Retrieved from siteresources.worldbank.org/INTBANGLADESH/.../education24.pdf