IJSTR

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

IJSTR@Facebook IJSTR@Twitter IJSTR@Linkedin
Home About Us Scope Editorial Board Blog/Latest News Contact Us
CALL FOR PAPERS
AUTHORS
DOWNLOADS
CONTACT
QR CODE
IJSTR-QR Code

IJSTR >> Volume 1 - Issue 9, October 2012 Edition



International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616



Effect of Cement Dust Deposition on Physiological Behaviors of Some Selected Plant Species

[Full Text]

 

AUTHOR(S)

Saravana Kumar. R, Sarala Thambavani. D

 

KEYWORDS

Key words: Assimilating pigments, Bio indicators, Carotenoids, Cement dust, Chlorophyll, Photosynthetic pigments.

 

ABSTRACT

Abstract :- Study was carried out to assess the impact of cement dust on some selected plant species around industrial area. Deposition effect of cement dust on pigmentation was studied in Azadirachta indica, Pongamia pinnata, Delonix regia, Polyalthia longifolia and Ficus religiosa. Sampling was done about 500 meter distance difference from the cement industry and measurements were taken for all the plant species spectrophotometrically. All the measured pigments were reduced in dust-exposed plant species compared with control site. This is due to deceleration of the biosynthetic processes rather than degradation of pigments. Changes in chlorophyll and carotenoid content were investigated in selected plant species exposed to alkaline dust emitted by the cement industry. The rate of mortality of young branches was high in the area subjected to the cement dust in all the selected plant species whereas Pongamia pinnata and Azadirachta indica are the most sensitive among them. Unless Polyalthia longifolia and Ficus religiosa is noted that amount of chl a, b and carotenoids in all investigated plants that are far away from cement dust more than that near from the factory. In general, pollution by the cement dust has caused adverse effects on the photosynthetic pigments and the pH of the leaf extract.

 

REFERENCES

1) Andrzej, J. 1987. Bees and their products as indicators of environment pollution. Med Water. 43(6): 352356.

2) Armbrust, D. V. 1986. Effect of Particulates (Dust) on Cotton Growth, Photosynthesis, and Respiration. Agron. J. 78:1078-1081.

3) Asada, K., T. Endo, J. Mano and C. Miyake. 1998. Molecular mechanism for relaxation of and protection from light stress In: K. Saton and N. Murata, Editors, Stress responses of photosynthetic organisms, Elsevier, Amsterdam. pp. 3752.

4) George, D. N. and F. I. Ilias. 2007. Effects of inert dust on olive (Olea europaea L.) leaf physiological parameters. Environmental Science and Pollution Research. 14(3): 212-214.

5) Gomez KA, Gomez AA. 1984. Statistical procedures for agricultural research (2nd edition). New York: John Wiley and Sons.

6) Lal, B. and R. S. Ambasht.1981. Impact of cement on the mineral and energy concentration of Psidium guayava. Environmental Pollution (Series A). 29: 241 249.

7) Lerman, S. L. and E. F. Darley. 1975. Particulates, In. Responses of Plants to Air Pollution. pp. 141. New York: Academic Press.

8) Lichtenthaler, H.K., F. Babani, G. Langsdorf and C. Bushcmann. 2000. Measurement of differences in red chlorophyll fluorescence and photosynthetic activity between sun and shade leaves by fluorescence imaging. Photosynthetica 38: (4) 521529.

9) Lichtenthaler. H.K 1987: Chlorophylls and carotenoids Pigments of photosynthetic biomembranes. Methods Enzymol, 148:350-382.

10) Loggini, A., E. Scartazza, A. Brugnoli and F. Navari-Izzo.1999. Antioxidant defense system, pigment composition and photosynthetic efficiency in two wheat cultivars subjected to drought, Plant Physiol. 119: 10911099.

11) Miller, R.J., J. E. Bittell and D. E. Koeppe. 1973. The effect of cadmium on electron and energy transfer reactions in corn mitochondria, Physiologia Plantarum 28: 166-171.

12) Naidoo, G. and D. Chirkoot. 2004. The effects of coal dust on photosynthetic performance of the mangrove, Avicennia marina in Richards Bay, South Africa. Environmental Pollution. 127 (3) 359-366.

13) Nanos, G.D. and I. F. Ilias. 2007. Effects of inert dust on olive (Olea europaea L.) leaf physiological parameters. Environ Sci. Pollut. Res. Int. 14(3):212-4.

14) Ronen R and Margalith Galun. 1984: Pigment extraction from lichens with Dimethyl Sulfoxide (DMSO) and estimation of chlorophyll degradation. Environmental and Experimental Botony, 24, 239-245.

15) Santosh, K.P. and B. D. Tripathi. 2008. Seasonal Variation of Leaf Dust Accumulation and Pigment Content in Plant Species Exposed to Urban Particulates Pollution. J Environ Qual. 37:865-870.

16) Sarala Thambavani. D and Saravana kumar. R, 2011. Induced changes of Photosynthetic pigments of Selected Plant Species due to Cement dust Pollution. Asian Journal of Experimental Chemistry. 6(1):8-16.

17) SaralaThambavani D, Saravanakumar R. 2011. Effect of Cement dust on Photosynthetic pigments of selected plant species Asian J.Environ.Sci., 6(2):161-167.

18) SaralaThambavani D, Saravanakumar R. 2011. Changes of Photosynthetic pigments in some selected Plant species induced by cement dust pollution. The Ecoscan. Special issue, Vol.1; 167-172.

19) SaralaThambavani D, Saravana Kumar R. 2011. The monthly changes of chloroplast pigments content in selected plant species exposed to cement dust pollution. Journal of research in Biology. 8: 660-666.

20) Sarala Thambavani D, Saravana Kumar R. 2012. Correlation Analysis and Exceedence Factor among the Ambient Gaseous Pollutants and Particulate Matter in Urban Area. Journal of research in Biology (2012) 3: 232-240.

21) Schutzki, R.E. and B. Cregg. 2007. Abiotic Plant Disorders Symptoms, Signs and Solutions. A Diagnostic Guide to Problem Solving. Extension Bulletin. E-2996.

22) Shinozaki, K. and K. Y. Shinozaki. 1996. Molecular responses to drought and cold stress. Current Opinion in Biotech. 7:161167.

23) Stern AC. 1976. Air Pollution, Measurement, Monitoring and surveillance of air pollution, 3rd ed., Academic press, Newyork.

24) Stratmann, V.H. and H. Van Haut. 1966. In: Darley EF. Studies on the effect of cement kiln dust on vegetation. Air Pollution Control Association Journal. 165(3): 3339.

25) Tabaeizadeh, Z. 1998. Drought-induced responses in plant cells. Inter. Rev. of Cytology. 182: 193247.

26) Taylor, G. and W. J. Davies. 1990. Root growth of Fagus sylvatica: Impact of air quality and drought at a site in southern Britain. New Phytologist. 166: 457-464.

27) Young, A. 1991. The photoprotective role of carotenoids in higher plants, Physiol Plant. 83: 702708.

28) Yunas, M., A.K. Dwivedi, K .Kulshreshtha and K.J. Ahmed. 1985. Dust loading on some common plants near Lucknow City. Environmental Pollution (Series B). 9: 780.