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IJSTR >> Volume 2- Issue 10, October 2013 Edition



International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616



A Mathematical Model To Predict The Quantity Of Defective Bottles In An Automated Bottle Washer Using Factorial Design Technique

[Full Text]

 

AUTHOR(S)

P.Y. Andoh, Y.A.K. Fiagbe, F. Davis, S. Asaana

 

KEYWORDS

KEYWORDS: Factorial Design, Caustic Residue Defect, Dirt Defect, Automated Bottle Washer, Experimental Design

 

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: Improper wash of reused bottles in beer and soft drink production plants can result in high cost of production and potentially dangerous health hazard to customers. It is shown that when machines are used over a period of time, they are not able to perform at their best, for which there are many root causes. This paper developed a mathematical model to predict and monitor the amount of Dirt Defect and Caustic Residue Defect in a washed bottle in a beverage bottling company. In this work, a 23 factorial design is applied to investigate the effect of Pressure, Temperature and Caustic soda concentration, on two washing responses namely: bottles with Caustic Residue Defect and bottles with Dirt Defect. A model was generated for the washing responses to the washing variables. The generated models can be used to aid the quality improvement and reliability in the washed bottles for the beverage companies in Ghana.

 

REFERENCES

[1] Asaana S. “Effect of Pressure, Temperature and Caustic Soda Concentration on the Performance of an Automated Bottle Washer, Master’s thesis, Dept. of Mechanical Eng., Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology., Kumasi, Mass., 2007

[2] Capobianco, D.J. And F.C. Blanc, 1990, Treatment of Softdrink Syrup and Bottling Wastewater using Anaerobic Upflow Packed Bed Reactors, in Proceedings of the 44th Industrial Waste Conference May 9-11, 1989 Purdue University. Michigan: Lewis Publisher

[3] "Chemicals, Nutrients, Additives, & Toxins: Plastic water bottles". New Zealand Ministry for Primary Industries, Retrieved 26 September 2012

[4] Fisher, R. A., 1994, The Design of Experiments, 4th ed., Oliver and Boyd, Edinburgh

[5] Montgomery, Douglas, C. “Process Design and Improvement with Designed Experiments” Introduction to Statistical Quality Control, Sixth Edition 978-0-470-16992-6 pp547- 690, Printed in the United States of America, 2009 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

[6] NicoScharnagl*, Ulrike Bunse, Klaus-Viktor Peinemann, Recycling of washing waters from bottle cleaning machines using membranes. Proceedings of the Conference on Membranes in Drinking and Industrial Water Production, ISBN 0-86689-060-2, October 2000, Desalination Publications, L'Aquila, Italy Volume 1, pages 87–95

[7] Neil Ranklin, Mans Soderbom and France Teal, (2002), The Ghanaian Manufacturing Enterprise Survey 2000 Centre for Study of Africa Economics (CSAE), University of Oxford.

[8] Permanent Committee on Technology and Safety Japan Soda Industry Association, “Safety Handling of Caustic Soda, Revised Nov., 20, 2006, published by Japan Soda Industry Association