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IJSTR >> Volume 6 - Issue 10, October 2017 Edition



International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616



Developing A Simple Survey Procedure For Seismic Risk Evaluation In 2012 Thabeikkyin Earthquake, Upper Myanmar

[Full Text]

 

AUTHOR(S)

Nan Pawt Sai Awar, Dr. Aye Mya Cho

 

KEYWORDS

simple procedure, seismic risk, evaluation, local houses, Thabeikkyin Earthquake

 

ABSTRACT

Myanmar is located in earthquake prone zones in the world seismic map. The Sagaing fault line crossing north to south of the Myanmar is capable of producing damaged earthquake in present and future. Large earthquakes had recorded in this fault for many years. The 2012 Thabeikkyin earthquake occurred because of a sudden movement of the Sagaing fault. Many buildings were collapsed and damaged during this earthquake. An effective and simple risk evaluation procedure for the buildings did not have yet. This study aims to evaluate seismic risk with a simple survey procedure based on Rapid Screening Procedure for the local houses in Upper Myanmar. This procedure is used for some local houses in earthquake-affected areas during earthquake. The average percentage of the accepted houses in this study is about 84.7%. From the past study, the percentage of no damage to moderate damage in brick-nogging buildings is about 86% (646 buildings of the total 751 buildings). The result shows that most of the local houses are safe and good condition.

 

REFERENCES

[1] R. Sinha and A. Goyal, “A National Policy for Seismic Vulnerability Assessment of Buildings and Procedure for Rapid Visual Screening of Buildings for Potential Seismic Vulnerability,” available at http://www.civil.iitb.ac.in/~rsinha/Vulnerability_Assessment.pdf.

[2] H. Sucuoglu and U. Yazgan, “Simple Survey Procedures for Seismic Risk Assessment in Urban Building Stocks,” Seismic Assessment and Rehabilitation of Existing Buildings, S.T Wasti and G. Ozcebe, eds., Journal of Earth and Environmental Sciences – Vol 29: Kiuwer Academic Publishers, pp. 97-118, 2003.

[3] N.C. Idham, “Seismic Vulnerability Assessment in Vernacular Houses: The Rapid Visual Screening Procedure for Non Engineered Building with Application to Java Indonesia,” PhD dissertation, Dept. of Architecture, Eastern Mediterranean University, North Cyprus, 2011.

[4] FEMA, “FEMA P-155: Rapid Visual Screening of Buildings for Potential Seismic Hazards: Supporting Documentation,” California: Applied Technology Council, Third Edition, 2015.

[5] FEMA, “FEMA 440: Improvement of Nonlinear Static Seismic Analysis Procedures,” Federal Emergency Management Agency, Washington D.C, 2005.

[6] D.C. Rai, “Review of Documents on Seismic Evaluation of Existing Buildings,” Document No. : IITK-GSDMA-EQ03-V1.0.

[7] N. P. S. Awar, J. Kiyono, K. M. Aung and M. Koyama, “Damage Pattern of Typical Local Houses in the 2012 Thabeikkyin Earthquake, Myanmar,” Proc. of the Fifth International Conference on Science and Engineering (ICSE 2014), December 29-30, Yangon, Myanmar, 2014.

[8] N. P. S. Awar and K. M. Aung, ”Development of Damage Rate and Damage Index Functions for Brick-nogging and Wooden Buildings in 2012 Thabeikkyin Earthquake,” Proceedings of the International Conference on Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering (CAEE-16), June 23-24, Bangkok, Thailand, 2016.

[9] Y. Wang and K. A. Geottel, “Enhanced Rapid Visual Screening (E-RVS) Method for Prioritization of Seismic Retrofits in Oregon,” Department of Geology and Mineral Industries State of Oregon 2007.