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IJSTR >> Volume 8 - Issue 2, February 2019 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

The Effect Of Planting Distance To Sugarcane (Sacharum Officinarum L.) Plants Growing Using Single-Bud Seed

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Ngatinem, Aton Yulianto, Nurul Rusdi



sugarcane, single-bud, plants growing, stem high, stem diameter



Currently, the tendency of sugarcane production would be decrease,that would be influence to sugar company production. The lower than normal production of the sugar company would be give impact to be low efficiency. The extensification by expansion of plantation areal could be alternative solution . One of the metods was single-bud planting. By this technology, the problem of large quantity of seed for large area could be solved.The research purpose were to get the ideal distance that to get perfect plants growing and productivity of sugarcane. This research were used by plotting demo with 4 treatment and twice repeatation. The fourth treatment were 30 cm (J1), 45 cm (J2), 60 cm (J3) and 75 cm (J4) of planting distances. The observed variable were stem height, stem diameter,number of plants tillers. Samples were taken at 2 months old, 4 montgh, 6 months and 8 months of plants old. Using BNT 5 % methods, the research result shown that the planting distance has no significant effect on the plant height and stem diameter of sugarcane plants. At the 4 months plants old , the treatment J-1 has significant diference to treatment J-3 and J-4 on the number of plants tillers. At the 6,8 months plant old, the treatment J-1 has significant diference to treatment J-4 on the number of plants tillers. The farther of planting distance, the higher stem weigth/ clump, but the farther of planting distance, the smaller oif the stem weight/ha. That cause the farther of planting distance, the smaller of the clump population/ha.The highest productivity was obtained in the treatmen J-1 (1.4 m x 30 cm). The tight planting distance would produce higher population, that cuse nutrient adsorption in the soil would be effective



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