IJSTR

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

IJSTR@Facebook IJSTR@Twitter IJSTR@Linkedin
Home About Us Scope Editorial Board Blog/Latest News Contact Us
CALL FOR PAPERS
AUTHORS
DOWNLOADS
CONTACT
QR CODE
IJSTR-QR Code

IJSTR >> Volume 8 - Issue 2, February 2019 Edition



International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616



The Effect Of Planting Distance To Sugarcane (Sacharum Officinarum L.) Plants Growing Using Single-Bud Seed

[Full Text]

 

AUTHOR(S)

Ngatinem, Aton Yulianto, Nurul Rusdi

 

KEYWORDS

sugarcane, single-bud, plants growing, stem high, stem diameter

 

ABSTRACT

Currently, the tendency of sugarcane production would be decrease,that would be influence to sugar company production. The lower than normal production of the sugar company would be give impact to be low efficiency. The extensification by expansion of plantation areal could be alternative solution . One of the metods was single-bud planting. By this technology, the problem of large quantity of seed for large area could be solved.The research purpose were to get the ideal distance that to get perfect plants growing and productivity of sugarcane. This research were used by plotting demo with 4 treatment and twice repeatation. The fourth treatment were 30 cm (J1), 45 cm (J2), 60 cm (J3) and 75 cm (J4) of planting distances. The observed variable were stem height, stem diameter,number of plants tillers. Samples were taken at 2 months old, 4 montgh, 6 months and 8 months of plants old. Using BNT 5 % methods, the research result shown that the planting distance has no significant effect on the plant height and stem diameter of sugarcane plants. At the 4 months plants old , the treatment J-1 has significant diference to treatment J-3 and J-4 on the number of plants tillers. At the 6,8 months plant old, the treatment J-1 has significant diference to treatment J-4 on the number of plants tillers. The farther of planting distance, the higher stem weigth/ clump, but the farther of planting distance, the smaller oif the stem weight/ha. That cause the farther of planting distance, the smaller of the clump population/ha.The highest productivity was obtained in the treatmen J-1 (1.4 m x 30 cm). The tight planting distance would produce higher population, that cuse nutrient adsorption in the soil would be effective

 

REFERENCES

[1]. Ramesh, P. 2000. Effect Of Different Levels of Drought During The Formative Phas on Growth Parameters and Its Relationship With Dry Matter Accumulation in Sugarcane. Journal.of Agronomy. & Crop Science. 185 : 83-89.

[2]. Ramesh, P. and M. Mahadevaswamy.2000. Effect of Formative Phase Drought on Different Classes of Shoots, shoot Mortality, Cane Attributes, Yield And Quality of Four Sugarcane Cultivars. Journal. Of Agronomy. & Crop Science.185 : 249-258.

[3]. Soopramanien, G.C. and H.R. Julien. 1980. Physiological Basis Of Yield Variation Between And Within Sugarcane Varieties Grown Under Contrasing Environments; in Proc.17 Cong. ISSCT

[4]. Seyati,H,MM (1993). Pengantar, Departemen Agronomi Fakultas Pertanian Bogor. Penerbit PT Gramedia, Jakarta

[5]. Supriadi, A. 1992. Rendemen Tebu Liku-liku Permasalahan. Kanisius. Yogyakarta. 94 hlm.

[6]. Tim Penerbit Swadaya. 2002. Pembudidayaan Tebu pada Lahan Kering dan Sawah. Pernerbit Swadaya. Jakarta. 150 hlm.

[7]. Tim Lembaga Pendidikan Perkebunan Yogyakarta. 2009. Fisiologi Tanaman Tebu.

[8]. Makalah, Kursus Mandor Pemeliharaan (Tebu) PT.Perkebunan Nusantara VII (Persero) di Cinta Manis. Sumatra Selatan. 9 halaman.

[9]. Yadav, R.L. 1991. High Population Density Management in sugarcane.Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 57 (3 & 4):