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IJSTR >> Volume 7 - Issue 12, December 2018 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Effects Of Tropical Herbs On Serum Biochemistry And Haematological Characteristics Of Weaner Grasscutters

[Full Text]



Lucky Ebiakpo Daniel, Inibehe George Ukpong, Abdulai Babatunde Sule



Grasscutter, haematological characteristics, tropical herbs, serum



This study was carried out to determine the effects of tropical herbs on the serum biochemistry and haematological characteristics of weaner grasscutters, using Ocimum gratissimum, Moringa oleifera, and Gongronema latifolia as supplementary sources of vitamins and minerals. A total of 20 weaner grasscutters comprising of four males and sixteen females at the age of eight weeks were used for the study. The experimental animals were allowed two weeks of stabilization period and feeding trials lasted for twelve weeks. Five grasscutters were randomly allocated to each treatment. The floor of the pens were cleaned daily, feed and water were provided ad libitum. Leaves were air dried under shade for ten days, all leaves were threshed carefully to separate leaves from twigs before blending. Twenty percent (20%) of M. oleifera, (20%) G. latifolia (20%) O. gratissimum leaf meals were added to each supplemented diet. Results on blood and biochemical analysis indicate that the mean values of haemoglobin concentration (HB), red blood cell count (RBC) and total white blood cell count (WBC) were affected by the treatments (P<0.05). The treatments did not affect (P>0.05) the mean packed cell volume (PCV), mean corpuscular haemoglobin (MCH), mean cell haemoglobin Concentration (MCHC) and Mean corpuscular volume (MCV) values in the blood of the grasscutters in various treatment groups. RBC and WBC values were higher (11.06 0.59ul and 13.12 1.39ul) for grasscutters in T2 while grasscutters on T1 recorded higher Hb concentration (17.65 0.27g/dl). An increase in WBC and lymphocytes were recorded for grasscutters in the experimental groups compared with the control (P<0.05). Average NEU, MON, EOS, BAS values in the blood of grasscutters did not vary (P>0.05). The treatments significantly (P<0.05) increased the urea level in blood of grasscutters in the experimental group compared with control group. The study found that the leaf meals of herbs administered at the dosages used and for the duration of the experiment had significant treatment effects on the haemopoetic system of grasscutters with better effect on growth performance recorded for grasscutters on M. oleifera leaf and O. gratissimum leaf supplemented diets. The study recommends the use of tropical herbs as important supplements for improving the serum biochemistry and haematological parameters of grasscutters.



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