International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

IJSTR@Facebook IJSTR@Twitter IJSTR@Linkedin
Home About Us Scope Editorial Board Blog/Latest News Contact Us

IJSTR >> Volume 7 - Issue 10, October 2018 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

The Application Of Portable Biogas Device For Laboratory Training

[Full Text]



M.C. Tri Atmodjo



mathematics. design, slurry, volume, biogas



The mathematics has very important role in making portable biogas device which able to use for student in laboratory education It is needed to calculate the volume, the ratio of gas and liquid applied and etc. The design and application of portable biogas technology is done by mathematic calculation and trial and error using the materials used drum, oil, cow dung, plastic hoses, simple pressure control and using ballast pendulum. The basic design for the manufacture of portable biogas devices is based on research conducted by EPA USA . In the study the maximum solids content in slurry was 12.5 percent. However, based on experience of using local cattle, the content of solids in slurry is used 50%. This can be made by mixing 1 part of cow dung with 1 part water or one bucket of cow dung with 1 bucket of water. The slurry volume is 75% the volume of the main tank. The volume of the remaining main tank (25% volume) is used for gas reservoirs and to facilitate gas distribution. Slurry retained in the tank for 20 - 30 days according to HRT (Hydrostatic Retention time).



[1] A. Vita, C. Italiano, D. Previtali, C. Fabiano 2018. Methanol synthesis from biogas: A thermodynamic analysis. Journal of Renewable Energy, Volume 118, April 2018, Pages 673-684

[2] Aguilar, FX., (2001), How to install a polyethylene biogas plant, Proceeding of the IBSnet Electronic Seminar, (The Royal Agricultural College, Cirencester, UK. 5-23 March 2001), http://www.ias.unu.edu/proceedings/icibs/ibs/ibsnet/e-seminar/FranciscoAguilar/index.html

[3] Biogas Support Program (BSP), (2003), Construction option for RABR Remote Area Biogas Reactor, SNV-Nepal
[4] Calvin A. Cherry, Michael Rios, Aleia McCord, Sarah Stefanos, Giri Venkataramanan 2014. Portable Electrification Using Biogas Systems. Journal of Procedia Engineering, Volume 78, 2014, Pages 317-326

[7] Giovanna Lovato, Merlin Alvarado-Morales, Adam Kovalovszki, Maria Peprah, Panagiotis G.Kougias, José Alberto Domingues Rodrigues, Irini Angelidaki 2017. In-situ biogas upgrading process: Modeling and simulations aspects.Journal Bioresource Technology , Volume 245, Part A, December 2017, Pages 332-341

[8] Garcelon, J. and Clark, J., 2001, Waste Digester Design, Civil Engineering laboratory Agenda, University of Florida, http://www.ce.ufl/activities/waste/wddndx.html

[9] Haryati, Tuti; 2006: Biogas: Limbah Peternakan Yang Menjadi Sumber Energi Alternatif, Journal Wartazoa, volume 16 no 4

[10] Hammad S.M.D., 1999, Integrated Environmental and Sanitary Engineering Project at Mirzapur, Journal of Indian Water Work Association 28: 231-236

[11] Hanifrahmawan Sudibyo, Zata Lini Shabrina, Lenny Halim, Wiratni Budhijanto 2017. Mathematical Modelling and Statistical Approach to Assess the Performance of Anaerobic Fixed Bed Reactor for Biogas Production from Piyungan Sanitary Landfill Leachate. Journal Energy Procedia, Volume 105, May 2017, Pages 256-262

[12] Ilaria Bassani, Panagiotis G.Kougias, LauraTreu, HugoPorté, StefanoCampanaro, Irini Angelidaki (2017). Optimization of hydrogen dispersion in thermophilic up-flow reactors for ex situ biogas upgrading.Journal of Bioresource Technology Volume 234, June 2017, Pages 310-319

[13] KashifMushtaqadAsad A.ZaidibSyed JawidAskaric.2016. Design and performance analysis of floating dome type portable biogas plant for domestic use in Pakistan. Journal Sustainable Energy Technology and assessment April 2016 p 21=25

[14] Kadarwati, Sri, 2003, Studi Pembuatan Biogas Dari Kotoran Kuda dan Sampah Organik Skala Laboratorium, Journal P3TEK II

[15] Karim, K., Hoffmann, R., Klasson, T., Al-Dahhan, MH., (2005), Anaerobic digestion of animal waste: Waste strength versus impact of mixing, Journal of Bioresource Technology, 96, 1771-1791

[16] LuoTao, Pan Junting, Fu Lintao, Mei Zili, Kong Cuixue, Huang Hailong, 2017. Reducing biogas emissions from village-scale plant with optimal floating-drum biogas storage tank and operation parameters. Applied Energy Volume 208, 15 December 2017, Pages 312-318

[17] Metcaff dan Eddy, 2003, Wastewater Engineering Treatment, Disposal, and Reuse, 4th ed, McGraw-Hill, Singapore

[18] Moog, FA., Avilla, HF., Agpaoa, EV., Valenzuela, FG., Concepcion, FC., (1997), Promotion and utilization of polyethylene biodigester in smallhold farming systems in the Philippines, Livestock Research for Rural Development, Volume 9, Number 2.

[19] Nabin Aryal, Torben Kvist, Fariza Ammam, Deepak Pant, Lars D. M. Ottosen 2018. .An overview of microbial biogas enrichment .Journal Bioresource Technology, In press, corrected proof, Available online 14 June 2018

[20] Ratnaningsih, Widyatmoko, H dan Yananto, T. , 2009, Potensi Pembentukan Biogas Pada Proses Biodegradasi Campuran Sampah Organik dan Kotoran sapi Dalam batch Reaktor Anaerob, Journal Teknologi Lingkungan vol 5 th 2009; halaman 20-26

[21] Raymond Boute 2016. Why mathematics needs engineering. Journal of Algrebaic and logical methods in programming. Vol 85 issue 5 part 2 August 2016 p 867-878

[22] Raven, RPJM., Gregersen, KH., (2005), Biogas Plant in Denmark: Sucesses and Setbacks, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Article in Press Simamora, S. et al., 2006, Membuat Biogas Pengganti Bahan Bakar Minyak danGas Dari Kotoran Ternak, Jakarta: Agro Media Pustaka

[23] Sa”id, E. G., 2006, Bioindustri, Penerapan Teknologi Fermentasi, Jakarta: PT Mediyatama Sarana Perkasa.

[24] Teguh Wika Widodo and Agung Hendriadi, 2005, Development of Biogas Processing for Small Scale Cattle Farm in Indonesia, Conference Proceeding: International Seminar on Biogas Technology for poverty Reduction and Sustainable Development, Beijing, 2005, pp 255-261