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IJSTR >> Volume 8 - Issue 10, October 2019 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Joko Widodo's Rhetorical Structure In The Presidential Speeches For Addressing Educational Problems

[Full Text]



Noermanzah, Dian Eka Chandra Wardhana, Heny Friantary, Safnil Arsyad



structure of rhetoric, state speech, education field.



In dealing with educational issues in a country, a president needs a proper rhetorical structure in delivering it to the public. This rhetorical structure is used in every state speech. In particular, President Joko Widodo has characteristics in using his rhetorical structure. This paper aims to explain the rhetorical structure of President Joko Widodo in his state speech, especially in addressing the educational issues. This research used Norman Fairclough's model analysis method to answer the rhetorical structure that was used by both presidents, not only at the level of meaning of the text, but also at the level of discourse, practice and social culture. The data was collecting by using some techniques i.e. documentary taking notes, and open interview techniques. The findings that were related to the structure of the rhetoric used by President Joko Widodo, namely 1) the introduction of: (a opening remarks such as in part of greeting such as prayer, general greetings to the guests, and greetings to the participants; (b) the transition of congratulations, clarification, thanksgiving to the God Almighty, and the introduction of the body; and (c) appreciation, prayer, and hope. 2) The body of speech that is consists of: additional information, quotations, explanations, examples, applications, arguments, expectations, awards, orders, questions and answers with information, messages, conclusions, additional information, promises, and honors. Then, 3) the concluding section such as: conclusions, awards in the form of congratulations, messages, hopes, illustrations, giving motivation, prayers, and the closing sign of thanksgiving, sofas and greetings of Moslem, Hindu and Buddhist prayers.



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